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An award-winning series of innovative publications

  • presenting affordable options for protecting soil and water resources on the farm,
  • supporting individual farm planning and decision-making in the short and long term,
  • harmonizing productivity, business objectives and the environment.

What is a Best Management Practice?

  • a practical, affordable approach to conserving a farm's soil and water resources without sacrificing productivity

Who decides what qualifies as a best management practice?

  • a team of farmers, researchers, extension staff and agribusiness professionals

What is the Best Management Practices Series?

  • innovative, full-colour booklets from 36 to 150 pages
  • some titles may have related videos, CD-ROMs and/or slide sets
  • each booklet presents a range of circumstances and options to address a particular environmental concern - use the information to assess what's appropriate for your property
  • the titles are:
    Farm Forestry and Habitat Management
    Field Crop Production
    Fish and Wildlife Habitat Management
    Horticultural Crops
    Integrated Pest Management
    Irrigation Management
    Livestock and Poultry Waste Management
    No-Till: Making It Work*
    Nutrient Management
    Pesticide Storage, Handling and Application*
    Soil Management
    Water Management
    Water Wells*

All booklets available in English and French.

* available January 1997

How do I obtain a booklet?

  • if you're an Ontario farmer single copies of each title are available at no cost at your local office of the Ontario Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs (Farm Forestry and Habitat Management, Fish and Wildlife Habitat Management and Water Management are also available at select Conservation Authorities and some district offices of the Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources)
  • otherwise, for single copies, bulk orders, and complete sets of BMP booklets and related materials,


    Ontario Federation of Agriculture
    Attn: Manager, BMP
    40 Eglinton Ave. E., 5th flr.
    Toronto, Ontario, M4P 3B1
    Phone: (416) 485-3333
    Fax: (416) 485-9027

Prices vary per title and with quantity ordered.

The Best Management Practices project is funded by Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, draws expertise from the Ontario Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs (OMAFRA), and is managed by the Ontario Federation of Agriculture.


Farm Forestry and Habitat Management

Farmers who manage their woodlands have long realized the benefits: reliable returns, products for on-farm use, and resource and habitat protection. This 40-page booklet will help you choose suitable best management practices - both traditional and new - from the following:

  • planting windbreaks, shelterbelts and natural fencerows
  • reforesting marginal and fragile land
  • planting buffer strips around water bodies and woodlots
  • managing wildlife habitat to benefit your property and wildlife
  • intercropping field crops and tree crops
  • planting trees and allowing livestock access
  • intercropping field crops and tree crops
  • managing woodlands for profit and the environment
  • producing quality timber, firewood, posts and poles.
ISBN 0-7778-1246-0
PRICE: $10.00
ALSO AVAILABLE: a 45-minute introductory video ($20.00).


Field Crop Production

If you're considering changes to the way you grow grains, oilseeds or forages, then Field Crop Production is for you. Effective change takes careful planning and know-how - one change may require several adjustments to your cropping system.

Doing it right requires an understanding of the basics, so this 133-page booklet starts off with a review of management principles for soils, water, nutrients, crop residues and pests.

The next three sections focus on management options for tillage systems:

  • conventional
  • mulch
  • no-till/ridge.
hay field

Non-tillage options are also explored: conservation practices and erosion control structures for cropland, streams and ditches. A case study concludes the comprehensive booklet.

ISBN 0-7778-1250-9
PRICE: $25.00


Fish and Wildlife Habitat Management

If you have rural property, and you're interested in providing habitat for fish and wildlife, this booklet can get you started. There are many long-term benefits of managing habitats on your property environmental and economic not to mention the sheer pleasure that seeing wildlife can invoke.

This 92-page (approx.) booklet explains how to restore or improve habitats in ways that are compatible with farming, good for soil and water, often profitable and always practical.

It also provides tips on ways to help you prevent wildlife from becoming a problem, and practical advice on what to do when wildlife becomes a nuisance.

With the help of many colour illustrations and photos, it describes potential habitat sites on:

  • farmlands
  • woodlands
  • transitional areas (e.g., wetlands)
  • aquatic areas.

Practices for each habitat type are presented, ranging from simply maintaining existing habitats to planting buffers to improving in-water habitat. You choose which ones suit your property, your time, and your goals.

ISBN 0-7778-4906-2
PRICE: $20.00


Horticultural Crops

Healthy soil and water will make your operation more competitive. This 77-page booklet opens by reviewing conservation management of soil, water, nutrients and pest control of high-value crops.

Each of these aspects is then focussed on specific crops:

  • vegetables
  • fruits
  • greenhouse production
  • tobacco
  • nursery crops
  • sod.

Filled with practical tips and many options, Horticultural Crops will help you assess, develop and adjust your operation.

ISBN 0-7778-1248-7
PRICE: $20.00
ISBN 0-7778-1244-4



Integrated Pest Management

IPM is an increasingly popular way to control disease and insects. Applying a mix of cultural, biological and chemical control methods, growers can save money on inputs and use fewer pesticide applications.

This primer begins with the IPM basics: pest monitoring, pest identification and pest thresholds. Control options are then presented, including:

  • site and cultivar selection
  • crop rotation
  • sanitation
  • biological control
  • nutrition and water needs
  • removal
  • planting and harvesting dates
  • trap crops
  • pesticide timing and application.

Case studies for crops found across Canada conclude the 38-page booklet.

ISBN 0-7778-4495-8
PRICE: $10.00


Irrigation Management

Crops such as fruits, vegetables, tobacco, sod and nursery stock must be of top quality to win acceptance in the marketplace. Water plays a key role in determining quality. Properly done, irrigation provides crops with the right amount of water, when crops need it, at the lowest cost and with the least impact on the environment.

This detailed 106-page booklet helps you assess whether irrigation is appropriate for your operations. It describes scheduling techniques, i.e., how to determine when and how much to irrigate. Systems - sprinkler, trickle and sub-irrigation - are also described and compared in detail. Tips for irrigating a range of horticultural crops, sod and tobacco are provided in handy charts. The booklet also explains environmental concerns to bear in mind when considering irrigation.

Cost-benefit worksheets conclude the publication.

ISBN 0-7778-4497-4
PRICE: $25.00


Livestock and Poultry Waste Management

Developing a comprehensive system for managing waste is an important part of any livestock and poultry operation.

In 49 pages, an array of management and facility options is presented for:
  • storage and handling of solid and liquid manure - runoff reduction, water protection, legislation and affordability
  • manure application - principles, nutrient value, amounts, timing and troubleshooting
  • milking centre disposal and treatment - adding milkhouse wastes to manure storage, storing milkhouse wastes in an exclusive storage, adding washwater to solid manure storage, and using a treatment trench and tank system.

The experiences of Ontario dairy, pork, poultry and beef farmers who've changed - how they manage wastes - are presented throughout the booklet.

ISBN 0-7778-1244-4
PRICE: $15.00


No-Till: Making It Work*

No-till has been adapted to a range of enterprises, crops, soils and climates across Ontario. This manual is for farmers interested in implementing no-till in their operation those who've already adopted no-till practices, and those who are curious but undecided.

Beginning with a review of no-till basics, the booklet will provide a step-by-step account of managing no-till system components, such as soil, manure and other nutrients, residues, pests and hardware. Plenty of troubleshooting tips are included throughout.

The 60-page (approx.) booklet uses case studies to help you understand potential problems and how to overcome them to make no-till work for you.



Nutrient Management

A well-planned and executed nutrient management program can reap many benefits: higher yields, lower input costs, more efficient use of available resources and improved environmental quality.

Nutrient Management will help you focus on key components and put them all together in a program, whether nutrients originate from commercial, organic, manure, crop residue, or off-farm wastes (including sewage sludge) sources.

In 68 pages, it explains:

  • what nutrients do for crops and how they behave in soil to help you better predict crop needs
  • nutrient cycles - an understanding of these helps prevent losses
  • the content, advantages and disadvantages of organic and inorganic sources
  • to help you choose the right combination for your operation
  • application - how to apply, calibrate, avoid fertilizer burn, reduce nutrient loss, and protect environmental quality.
ISBN 0-7778-2684-4
PRICE: $15.00


Pesticide Storage, Handling and Application*

Crop protection chemicals are an important part of many cropping systems in Ontario. If mishandled or misused, they can be toxic to the pesticide handler, and put water supplies (and the people and animals who use them), at risk.

Designed for use in the driveshed office or the field, this 48-page (approx.) manual will help growers establish or refine a safe and effective system for:

  • storage - options (constructed, prefabricated or modified), and alternatives to storage, such as custom work
  • handling - transportation, spills, mixing-loading practices and structures
  • application - effective spraying techniques, maintenance and calibration.


Soil Management

If you're experiencing problems with soil erosion, surface water runoff, compaction or loss of organic matter, it's time to try some different approaches to managing your soils.

By reducing tillage, adding organic matter either through crops or other sources, and maintaining good soil structure (tilth), you can maintain proper conditions for high yields, good returns, and minimal environmental impact.

This comprehensive 68-page booklet begins with the basics of soil management.

It then provides many practical tips and trouble shooting tactics to help you assess and improve soil quality in the short and long term.

ISBN 0-7778-2686-0
PRICE: $15.00


Water Management

Water is precious. But too often, we take it for granted. Protecting your water supplies will safeguard your family's health, the well-being of your farm operation and downstream users.

Water Management explains the water cycle. It follows the pathways of water as it moves into and around major features of your property the house, farm buildings, fields and natural areas. Potential sources of contamination for ground and surface water are uncovered.

Filled with practical management options, this 68-page booklet will help you reduce impacts of farm operations on water quality and quantity.

ISBN 0-7778-2361-6
PRICE: $20.00
ALSO AVAILABLE: a set of 200 slides (text and graphics) for $XX.XX.


Water Wells*

If your drinking water comes from a well, you should have this manual handy. While most wells may adequately supply ground water to homes and farm buildings, some wells - old and new - may act as pathways for contamination.

The 48-page (approx.) booklet begins with the water cycle, the time and pathway for ground water contamination, and the effects on human and livestock health. Read on to learn how to implement best management practices for the construction, maintenance, monitoring and abandonment of the three major well types:

  • drilled
  • dug/bored
  • sand-point.

Practical case studies, complete with records of costs and savings, conclude Water Wells.




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Last Updated: Wednesday, January 24, 2018 07:02:35 AM