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RESEARCH PROJECTS

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PREFACE

Project Title
1. MANURE NUTRIENT MANAGEMENT & CLOSED LOOP RECYCLING
1.1 Current State of the Art on Manure/Nutrient Management.
1.2 Nitrogen & Carbon Transformations in Conventionally-Handled Livestock Manures
1.3 Manure Composting Techniques: Understanding N and C Conservation
1.4 Transformations in Soil: Crop Response to Nitrogen in Manures with Widely Different Characteristics
1.5 Impact of Manure Application Methods on Water Quality, Focusing on Nitrogen and Bacteria Transport in Soil
1.6 Closed Loop Recycling - Composted Biodegradable Organic Urban Waste Application on Agricultural Lands
1.7 Soil Organisms as Bioindicators of Agronomic Practices
1.8 Effect of Controlled Drainage/Subirrigation on Tile Drainage Water Quality and Crop Yields at the Field Scale
1.9 A Literature Review on Wildlife Habitats in Agricultural Landscapes
1.10 Assessment of the influence of manures for the control of soilborne pests including nematodes, fungi and bacteria
1.11 Measuring Soil Microbial Populations by Analysis of Their Phospholipid Signatures

 

2. ON FARM RESEARCH
2.1 Literature Review of On-Farm Research Design and Data Evaluation Methods
2.2 Investigating Methods of Integrating Liquid Manures into a Cropping System and the Effect on Soil and Water Quality
2.3 Environmental Effects of Conservation and Conventional Cropping Systems
2.4 Determining the Factors Responsible for, and Methods to Overcome the Limitations of Conservation Cropping Systems on Clay Soils
2.5 To Obtain Information on Variable Rate Technology for Nitrogen Application and Determine the Feasibility of Implementing this Production Tool
2.6 Measuring the Effect of Crop Residue or Live Cover Crops in Conservation Tillage Systems on Soil and Water Quality
2.7 Crop Rotations and Cover Crop Effects on Erosion Control, Tomato Yields and Soil Properties in Southwestern Ontario

 

3. DEVELOPMENT OF AN INTEGRATED RESOURCE MONITORING CAPABILITY
3.1 Development of Standard Methodologies: Resident Biomass and Organic Carbon
3.2 Development of Standard Methodologies: Resident Biomass and Organic Carbon
3.3 Development of Standard Methodologies: Bio-indicators and Methodologies to Quantify Soil Quality
3.4 Assessing the State of Agricultural Resources: Improving the Land Resource Database.
3.5 State of Resources: Proposal for the Upgrade of Soil Survey Information in Oxford County
3.6 State of Resources: Development and Application of Standardized Methodology for Sampling Soil Landscape Polygons
3.7 State of Resources: Development and Testing of "State of Agricultural Resources" A Reporting and Monitoring Methodology for Ontario
3.8 State of Resources: Monitoring Soil Loss and Redistribution Using 137Cs
3.9 Development and Application of a Computerized System to Manage, Use and Distribute Data Collected by Green Plan Monitoring Research Projects
3.10 Partitioning of Solutes from Agricultural Fields within the Hydrologic System at Two Sites in Southern Ontario and the Subsequent Impact on Adjacent Aquatic Ecosystems
3.11 State of Resources: Improving the Land Resource data base - Waterloo Region
3.12 Evaluation of High resolution Airborne Imagery and Global Position Systems for Monitoring Changes in Agroecosystems
3.13 To Assess the Approaches, Data, Synthesize Findings and Make Recommendations on the Technical Reports Prepared for Agriculture Canada

 

4. SUPPLEMENTARY PROJECTS
4.1a Maintenance Program for Three Southwestern Ontario Watersheds, 1993 - 94.
4.1b Maintenance Program for Three Southwestern Ontario Watersheds, 1994 - 95.
4.1c Maintenance Program for Three Southwestern Ontario Watersheds, 1994 - 95.
4.2 An Investigation into the Management of Manure-Nitrogen to Safeguard the Quality of Groundwater
4.3 Influence of Soil Texture and Tillage-Induced Changes on the Susceptibility of Legume-N to Leaching.
4.4 Environmental Monitoring of Agricultural Constructed Wetlands - A Provincial Study.

For Further Information, please contact:  Dr. Bruce T. Bowman, Scientific Authority
 


 Project Table of Contents | Green Plan Research


RESEARCH COMPONENT OF THE GREEN PLAN

PREFACE

The GREEN PLAN agreement, an equally-shared Canada-Ontario program, totalling $64.2M, is designed to encourage and assist farmers with the implementation of appropriate farm management practices within the framework of environmentally sustainable agriculture. It is to be delivered over a five-year period starting April 1, 1992 and ending March 31, 1997. Under the agreement signed Sept. 21, 1992, the Federal component will be delivered by Agriculture & Agri-Food Canada.

From the 30 recommendations crafted at the Stakeholder conference (Kempenfelt Centre, Barrie, October 1991), the Agreement Management Committee (AMC) have identified 10 program areas for Green Plan activities of which the three comprising research activities will be administered for Agriculture & Agri-Food Canada by the London Research Centre. Projects will be carried out by Agriculture & Agri-Food Canada, universities, colleges or private sector agencies including farm groups. The level of funding will total $7,760,000 through Mar. 31, 1997.

Sub-program Description

The research program areas are:

  1. Manure/Nutrient Management and Utilization of biodegradable organic wastes through land application, with emphasis on water quality implications

    A. Animal manure management (nutrients and bacteria)

    B. Biodegradable organic urban waste application on agricultural lands (closed loop recycling)

  2. On-farm Research: Tillage and crop management in a sustainable agriculture system

  3. Development of an integrated monitoring capability to track and diagnose aspects of resource quality and sustainability.

 


 Project Table of Contents | Green Plan Research


1. -- MANURE NUTRIENT MANAGEMENT & CLOSED LOOP RECYCLING.

Leader: Dr. Bruce T. Bowman

1.1 Current State of the Art on Manure/Nutrient Management.
Contractor: Dr. Michael Goss, Dept. of Land Resource Science, U. of Guelph, Guelph, ONT, N1G 2W1
Objectives: To establish the current state of the art of Manure/Nutrient Management in North America and Europe by summarizing the current scientific and applied literature and by identifying pertinent research projects in other jurisdictions while commenting on their relationship to the Ontario experience.
Expected Outputs: A report with a detailed literature review, bibliography and consensual information as an overview of the present state of our knowledge, helpful in identification of apparent gaps in our current knowledge which may be addressed under the Green Plan.
Type: S.S.C. Contract, University - Spending Profile: 1992-93: $20.0 K
Status: COMPLETED, AVAILABLE SEPT. 1994
COESA Report No.: RES/MAN-001/94
  View Final Report Executive Summary, or Download Final Report

 

1.2 Nitrogen & Carbon Transformations in Conventionally-Handled Livestock Manures.
Contractor: Dr. G. Kachanoski, Environ. Soil Services, 605 Arkell Rd., Arkell, ONT N0B 1C0.
Objectives: Document the state of our knowledge of nitrogen and carbon transformations which occur during conventional storage and handling of solid and liquid livestock and poultry manures; to investigate various manure storage and handling techniques with respect to N and C changes during storage and handling while recognizing nutrient conservation and availability for plant growth; to provide a comparative economic assessment of costs associated with manure handling, the nutrient content and value of the final product.
Expected Outputs: Nitrogen and carbon components in the feed, bedding and excrement of livestock will be tracked during handling and storage. Recognizing the changes which are certain to occur after application of the manure to the land consideration will be given to techniques which involve incubation of manure with soil. Consideration will also be given to monitoring the losses from the greenhouse gas perspective. It is anticipated that useful information will be obtained enabling the prediction of manure nitrogen availability for plants and losses of environmental importance.
Type: Open Bid, Industry
Spending Profile: 93-94: $113.2 K, 94-95: $133.6 K, 95-96: $130.0 K, 96-97: $122.7 K, Total: $500 K
Status: COMPLETED MARCH 1997
COESA Report No.: RES/MAN-002/97

 

1.3 Manure Composting Techniques: Understanding N and C Conservation
Contractor: Mr. Richard St. Jean, Ecologistics Ltd, 490 Dutton Drive, Suite A1, Waterloo, ONT N2L 6H7
Objectives: To evaluate composting techniques suitable for use in Ontario by commercial livestock and poultry farm operations with emphasis on carbon, nitrogen and other transformations and losses, the affect on farm productivity, sustainability, environmental impact, economic viability and potential for implementation as part of an effective farm manure management and nutrient recycling program.
Expected Outputs: The technical presentation should provide information on carbon, nitrogen and other nutrient transformations and losses; the economic and physical limitation of optimizing manure carbon to nitrogen ratios; the evaporative potential of composting manure; the relative nutrient leaching potential of manures and compost; a comparison with composting techniques promoted by the Ecological Farmers of Ontario; the practicality of recycling finished compost as livestock bedding; the quantification of greenhouse gas production; and databases to establish labour, energy and capital requirements in each process.
Type: Open Bid, Industry
Spending Profile: 93-94: $132.8 K, 94-95: $114.0 K, 95-96: $62.1 K, 96-97: $91.0 K, Total: $399.9 K
Status: COMPLETED MARCH 1997
COESA Report No.: RES/MAN-003/97
  View Final Report Executive Summary, or Download Final Report

 

1.4 Transformations in Soil: Crop Response to Nitrogen in Manures with Widely Different Characteristics
Contractor: Dr. E. G. Beauchamp, J. Buchanan-Smith and M. Goss, Department of Land Resource Science, University of Guelph, Guelph, ONT, N1G 2W1
Objectives: Develop an understanding how the N in manures with different characteristics applied to soil in the field is immobilized or mineralized and released in synchrony with crop N requirement. Soil factors include time of application, soil texture and soil acidity. Manure characteristics include the effects of the protein levels in the dairy rations.
Expected Outputs:

Phase 1 - Development of a yield response curve for corn with fertilizer, and comparison with manure N rates;

Phase 2 - Comparison of the mineralization/immobilization and availabilities of N from five different manures following fall and spring applications on one site;

Phase 3 - A laboratory study on the influence of soil texture involving four soils ranging from loamy sand to clay loam;

Phase 4 - A laboratory study involving four soils ranging in soil acidity in which ammonium and NO-3 contents are monitored during incubation;

Phase 5 - using feeding trials and characterization of the manure to develop one or more models for predicting manure N content of manures from animals given different feedstuffs.

Type: Contribution Agreement, University
Spending Profile: 93-94: $28.8 K, 94-95: $118.5 K, 95-96: $117.1 K, 96-97: $118.6 K, Total: $383.0 K
Status: COMPLETED MARCH 1997
COESA Report No.: RES/MAN-004/97
  View Final Report Executive Summary, or Download Final Report

 

1.5 Impact of Manure Application Methods on Water Quality, Focusing on Nitrogen and Bacteria Transport in Soil.
Contractor: Dr. Greg Wall, Land Resource Division, C.L.B.R.R., Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, 70 Fountain St., Guelph, ONT N1H 3N6
Objectives: Field scale study of liquid manure applications are being undertaken to identify the pathways and process of nutrient and bacterial transport to tile drains and ground water with emphasis on preferential flow. The objectives include the validation of water quality models (GLEAMS, DRAINMOD) with field scale data and to use the models to identify scenarios in which water quality standards are likely to be exceeded.
Expected Outputs: Agronomic monitoring with liquid hog manure as the source of the N requirement for corn production; the determination of basic solute transports parameters for each soil type; tile water quantity/quality measurement in response to the manure treatments; ground water quality; and solute transport measurements. The use of reactive and non-reactive tracers will be used to indicate the affect of initial soil moisture levels on solute travel times and macropore flow. It is expected that the results of this study will enable prediction of environmentally safe rates of liquid manure application to land, and the development of methods for manure application in no-till systems.
Type: Fed. Government, In-House
Spending Profile: 93-94: 96: $100.8 K, 96-97: $97.3 K, Total: $350.0 K
Status: COMPLETED MARCH 1997
COESA Report No.: RES/MAN-005/97

 

1.6 Closed Loop Recycling - Composted Biodegradable Organic Urban Waste Application on Agricultural Lands.
Contractor: Mr. David Charlton, Ecolog. Services For Planning, 361 Southgate Drive, Guelph, ONT N1G 3M5
Objectives: The study will evaluate the properties of several compost materials and monitor the effects of compost applications to agricultural land on the soil properties, surface and subsurface water quality, and on corn growth and yield.
Expected Outputs: The evaluation of successive annual applications of composted materials on two soil types is expected to provide information on the affects of compost type and degree of soil incorporation on soil moisture early in the season; the tendency of products of compost decomposition to migrate in the soil profile; the composition of surface runoff water following compost application; affects of compost application on corn growth; some measure of the affect of compost additions on soil biology; the reconciliation of the compost application with concepts of reduced soil tillage and the probable agronomic and environmental implications of long-term use of composted materials in the study.
Type: Open Bid, Industry
Spending Profile: 93-94: $67.4 K, 94-95: $145.2 K, 95-96: $176.2 K, 96-97: $155.7 K, Total: $544.6 K
Status: COMPLETED MARCH 1997
COESA Report No.: RES/MAN-006/97
  View Final Report Executive Summary, or Download Final Report

 

1.7 Soil Organisms as Bioindicators of Agronomic Practices.
Contractor: Dr. A. Tomlin, Pest Management Research Centre, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, 1391 Sandford St., London, ONT N5V 4T3
Objectives: To measure the response of selected soil bioindicators to agronomic practices in southwestern Ontario; to use the strong correlation between soil biotic activity and soil organic matter (OM), enabling classification of soils (remote sensing of OM) by their biotic content, using resin impregnated blocks for micro-fabric analysis of soil structure, OM and soil void space.
Expected Outputs: Development of a new, potentially powerful bioindex of soil quality through the use of resin impregnated blocks for micro-fabric analysis which provide snapshots with archival value, which may be used for comparison purposes with blocks taken at a later time, or under different soil management. It is expected that experience will reveal in rapid succession useful modifications, confidence in the interpretation that can be made from this fixed record of the soil fabric, and new applications for the information therein contained. Ultimately one will expect to see the creation and implementation of soil ecosystem models, possibly at the landscape scale, for estimating resident biomass and soil carbon.
Type: Fed. Government, In-House
Spending Profile: 93-94: $77.0 K, 94-95: $147.0 K, 95-96: $130.0 K, 96-97: $113.0 K, Total: $467.0 K
Status: COMPLETED MARCH 1997
COESA Report No.: RES/MAN-007/97

 

1.8 Effect of Controlled Drainage/Subirrigation on Tile Drainage Water Quality and Crop Yields at the Field Scale.
Contractor: Dr. Chin Tan, Harrow Res. Station, Agriculture & Agri-Food Canada, Harrow, ONT, N0R 1G0
Objectives:
  1. To determine economic benefits of the CD/SI at the farm scale to the farmer;
  2. To provide a field scale dataset for scaling up models calibrated at the plot scale (from Great Lakes Water Quality Study, Harrow);
  3. To add further information on water quality within existing conventional and no-till monitored watersheds established in the SWEEP program;
  4. To study the partitioning of nutrient losses between the tile drains and groundwater for a CD/SI system at field scale.
Expected Outputs: This study will provide on-farm demonstrations of the advantages of Controlled Drainage/Subirrigation systems to the farmer from an economic viewpoint, as well as from a nutrient management/water quality viewpoint.
Type: Fed. Government, In-House
Spending Profile: 94-95: $88.1 K, 95-96: $50.2 K, 96-97: $52.1 K, Total: $190.4 K
Status: COMPLETED MARCH 1997
COESA Report No.: RES/MAN-008/97
  View Final Report Executive Summary, or Download Final Report

 

1.9 A Literature Review on Wildlife Habitats in Agricultural Landscapes
Contractor: Mr. Lyle Friesen, Canadian Wildlife Service, Environment Canada, 100 Gamelin Blvd., Hull Que K1A 0H3. (Contributors: A.D. Tomlin, Agriculture And Agri-food Canada; Alain Baril and Christine Bishop, Canadian Wildlike Service, Environment Canada)
Objectives:
  1. To review the current literature on the impact of agricultural activities on wildlife habitats, and the relevance of wildlife habitats in agricultural landscapes;
  2. To make recommendations for improving habitat conditions for wildlife.
Expected Outputs: A report with a detailed literature review on the interactions between agricultural activities and wildlife habitat, identifying some of the benefits that wildlife habitat has to offer to agroecosystems, and including an extensive list of recommendations for improving wildlife habitats.
Type: Fed. Government, In-House
Spending Profile: 93-94: $13.5 K, Total: $13.5 K
Status: COMPLETED; AVAILABLE FEB 1995
COESA Report No.: RES/MAN-009/94
  View Final Report Executive Summary, or Download Final Report

 

1.10 Assessment of the influence of manures for the control of soilborne pests including nematodes, fungi and bacteria.
Contractor: Dr. George Lazarovits, Pest Management Research Centre, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, 1391 Sandford St, London, ONT, Canada, N5V 4T3
Objectives: The objective of this study is to assess the potential use of manures and related organic materials for reducing plant diseases caused by soilborne pests.
Expected Outputs:
  1. To conduct an initial survey of a variety of manures (animal, poultry) from a various sources and in various stages of decomposition to determine whether these materials exhibit an ability to suppress Verticillium;
  2. To produce quantitative data as to the capacity of the "active" manures from various sources for reducing the survival of Verticillium and therefore controlling disease;
  3. To monitor changes in populations of beneficial microbes in the various types of manures;
  4. To identify factors which may influence disease control efficacy, such as: the source of the manure, rates of application, procedures used for composting, effect of soil type, etc. Treatments found effective in the laboratory will be field tested in microplots and on farm locations growing potato and tomato crops. Field observation will measure pathology, soil microbiology and agronomic changes in the crop plants tested. Information as to the appropriate methods of application of manures for disease control will be generated.
Type: Fed. Government, In-House
Spending Profile: 94-95: $20.0 K; 95-96: $40.0 K; Total: $60.0 K
Status: COMPLETED MARCH 1997
COESA Report No.: RES/MAN-010/97
  View Final Report Executive Summary, or Download Final Report

 

1.11 Measuring Soil Microbial Populations by Analysis of Their Phospholipid Signatures
Contractor: Dr. Ralph Chapman & Ms. Joy Kohlmaier, Pest Management Research Centre, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, 1391 Sandford St, London, ONT, Canada, N5V 4T3
Objectives:
  1. To establish sensitivity limits of the P-31 NMR technique using a set of pure phospholipid reagents;
  2. To establish extraction protocols, minimum sample sizes, and extraction efficiencies as well as a set of phospholipid profiles for identifying the microfloral components in the soil samples using soil samples obtained from one set of the Green Plan Bioindicator sites (conventional vs. no-till vs. woodland).
Expected Outputs:
  1. To make comparisons and to establish correlations between this data set and other data sets from conventional microfloral characterizations of the soil, towards the objective of associating phospholipid profiles with specific groups of microflora. If these correlations prove successful, these associations can be used in the development of bioindicators;
  2. To develop a (bio)indicator of land use practice, based on either fatty acid or phospholipid analysis, that could be related to the underlying soil biological community, and other soil characterizations being made that relate to soil quality.
Type: Fed. Government, In-House
Spending Profile: 94-95: $8.0 K, 95-96: $8.0K; Total: $16.0 K
Status: COMPLETED MARCH 1996
COESA Report No.: RES/MAN-011/95

 


 Project Table of Contents | Green Plan Research

2. -- ON FARM RESEARCH

Leader: Dr. Al Hamill

2.1 Literature Review of On-Farm Research Design and Data Evaluation Methods
Contractor: Ms. Jane Sadler-Richards, Ecologistics Ltd, 490 Dutton Drive, Suite 1A, Waterloo, ONT N2L 6H7
Objectives:
  1. To identify relevant sources of information with emphasis on work in North America since 1975;
  2. to categorize and describe on-farm study designs and data evaluation methods;
  3. to comment where possible on the potential impact of the studied designs as options in future studies.
Expected Outputs: The identification and discussion of the merits of study designs and data evaluations most useful to on-farm research projects and large plot situations in which farmers may be involved.
Type: Open Bid, Industry
Spending Profile: 92-93: $22 K, 93-94: $2 K, Total: $24 K
Status: COMPLETED, AVAILABLE JAN 1995
COESA Report No.: RES/FARM-001/94
  View Final Report Executive Summary, or Download Final Report

 

2.2 Investigating Methods of Integrating Liquid Manures into a Cropping System and the Effect on Soil and Water Quality.
Contractor: Mr. David Charlton, Ecolog. Services For Planning, 361 Southgate Drive, Guelph, ONT N1G 3M5
Objectives: To examine in cooperation with farmers the effectiveness of several methods and rates of liquid manure application within conservation farming systems; and to investigate techniques for retaining the nutritive value of manure within the rooting zone.
Expected Outputs: Evaluations of the prescribed rate of manure, determined by soil test for N, as a source of nitrogen, in comparison with mineral fertilizer; the effectiveness of the manure from different types of livestock; and the importance of timing of the manure application relative to the stage of growth where the comparisons are directed to the feasibility of soil injection, side dressing or top dressing of liquid manures.
Type: Open Bid, Industry
Spending Profile: 93-94: $85.6 K, 94-95: $133.0 K, 95-96: $136.1 K, 96-97: $144.9 K, Total: $499.6 K
Status: COMPLETED MARCH 1997
COESA Report No.: RES/FARM-002/97
  View Final Report Executive Summary, or Download Final Report

 

2.3 Environmental Effects of Conservation and Conventional Cropping Systems.
Contractor: Ms. Jane Sadler-Richards, Ecologistics Ltd, 490 Dutton Drive, Suite 1A, Waterloo, ONT N2L 6H7
Objectives: To determine on paired sites (8 pairs) with known histories of conservation and conventional crop production, the effects of the conservation or conventional systems on soil and water quality, focusing on pesticide and nutrient movement. Implicit in the goal is concern that by emphasizing erosion control, overland flow may be reduced at the expense of leaching and environmental filtering.
Expected Outputs: Comparisons of paired locations will be made, providing definition of inherent soil characters (landscape position, slope, soil profile, depth to impervious layer, particle size distribution) and dynamic characters (water release characteristics, infiltration rate, organic carbon, extractable nitrates, nitrites and P, microbial activity and extractable pesticides). Water quality measurements will be made on surface runoff waters, water from tile drains, and groundwater. It is expected that collection of water samples will be coordinated with pesticide and nutrient application and major rainfall events.
Type: Open Bid, Industry
Spending Profile: 93-94: $259.8 K, 94-95: $167.5 K, 95-96: $132.7 K, 96-97: $185.0 K, Total: $745.0 K
Status: COMPLETED MARCH 1997
COESA Report No.: RES/FARM-003/97

 

2.4 Determining the Factors Responsible for, and Methods to Overcome the Limitations of Conservation Cropping Systems on Clay Soils
Contractor: Dr. Tony Vyn, Crop Science Building, University of Guelph, Guelph, ONT, N1G 2W1
Objectives: To establish essential seed-bed criteria for good crop emergence and growth on clay soils and to define tillage strategies which will enable these criteria to be met under conservation cropping systems where the rotations are corn-soybeans and wheat-soybeans or wheat-corn. The test crop will be corn or soybeans in each case.
Expected Outputs: The combinations of tillage will include the moldboard plow, chisel plow, mulch-disc and zone tillage. The major soil measurements will be residue cover at planting, soil temperature, soil moisture in the seedbed, penetrometer resistance of the seed bed, soil aggregate size, soil bulk density, soil macroporosity, rainfall simulation (time to ponding), crop emergence, early crop biomass and grain yield. In-sights into the problems inherent in clay soils, and strategies for overcoming them by more efficient conservation tillage is anticipated.
Type: Contribution Agreement, University
Spending Profile: 93-94: $67.8 K, 94-95: $85.6 K, 95-96: $84.9 K, 96-97: $83.2 K, Total: $321.5 K
Status: COMPLETED MARCH 1997
COESA Report No.: RES/FARM-004/97

 

2.5 To Obtain Information on Variable Rate Technology for Nitrogen Application and Determine the Feasibility of Implementing this Production Tool.
Contractor: Dr. Gary Kachanoski, Dept. of Land Resource Science, U. of Guelph, Guelph, ONT N1G 2W1
Objectives: To develop variable rate technology for N fertilizer application by trying different methods of obtaining a field map for variable application of N; to determine the economic benefits of variable rate technology for N; and to determine the change in potential nitrate loading to the groundwater from variable field application of N fertilizer compared to constant-rate application.
Expected Outputs: Maps of field variations of crop response to applied fertilizer N, estimates of the spatial distribution of the entire N response curve, the acquisition and testing of a variable rate fertilizer applicator linked to a Global Positioning System, and mapping of the N soil test, soil texture, soil organic matter, soil water regime and landform shape are expected to meet the objectives outlined above.
Type: Contribution Agreement, University
Spending Profile: 93-94: $70 K; 94-95: $70 K; 95-96: $37.4 K; Total: $177 K
Status: COMPLETED Mar. 1997
COESA Report No.: RES/FARM-005/97
  View Final Report Executive Summary, or Download Final Report

 

2.6 Measuring the Effect of Crop Residue or Live Cover Crops in Conservation Tillage Systems on Soil and Water Quality.
Contractor: Dr. Craig Drury, Harrow Research Station, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Harrow, ONT N0R 1G0
Objectives: To improve the effectiveness of red clover as a cover crop on clay soil by measuring changes in soil structure, hydraulic properties and the influence on soil biomass and N-cycling attributable to red clover in a wheat-corn-soybean rotation, by altering the method and time of killing, by discovering the limiting factors to corn growth planted into wheat-red clover residue and by observing the impact of red clover cover on weed management.
Expected Outputs: New information, or confirmation of existing information, which will assist in superior recommendations for the management of crop residue or live cover crops on clay soil.
Type: Fed. Government, In-House
Spending Profile: 93-94: $73 K; 94-95: $106.1 K; 95-96: $104.9 K; 96-97: $85 K; Total: $369 K
Status: COMPLETED MARCH 1997
COESA Report No.: RES/FARM-006/97

 

2.7 Crop Rotations and Cover Crop Effects on Erosion Control, Tomato Yields and Soil Properties in Southwestern Ontario. (A program begun in 1989 under the Land Stewardship I Program, OMAFRA)
Contractor: Mr. Ken Stevenson and R. W. Johnston, Soil Science and Horticultural Soil Management, Ridgetown College of Agricultural Technology, Ridgetown, ONT, N0P 2C0
Objectives: To better evaluate the effects of rotations on soil structure, evaluate and measure drainage differences, evaluate differences in moisture holding capacity, and any further improvements in tomato yields. It is also proposed to further evaluate changes in weed, insect and disease control.
Expected Outputs: The first four years of research have shown increased tomato yields by 36-40 t/ha in favour of rotated vs monoculture, tomato quality was improved, water ponding reduced on the soil on rotated plots and increased earthworm activity stimulated in rotated plots. The effects of rotation and cover crops in place at two locations near Dresden and Leamington could not be fully assessed in such a short time frame. The longer time for evaluation will provide a more reliable recommendation for farmers on proper rotation and cover crop management.
Type: Contribution Agreement, OMAFRA
Spending Profile: 94-95: $50.0 K, 95-96: $50.0 K, 96-97: $50.0 K, Total: $150.0 K
Status: COMPLETED MARCH 1997
COESA Report No.: RES/FARM-007/97

 


 Project Table of Contents | Green Plan Research


3. -- DEVELOPMENT OF AN INTEGRATED RESOURCE MONITORING CAPABILITY

Leader: Dr. Bruce MacDonald

3.1 Development of Standard Methodologies: Resident Biomass and Organic Carbon.
Contractor: Mr. David Charlton, Ecolog. Services For Planning, 361 Southgate Drive, Guelph, ONT N1G 3M5
Objectives: To test the ability of current measures of resident biomass and organic carbon to relate to soil fitness, crop performance and yield as an indicator of agro-ecological fitness when tested over a range of physical, chemical and biological properties of soil.
Expected Outputs: Measurements of spatial and temporal variation of soil biomass and carbon on the basis of landscape position, geographic location and seasonal variability sufficient to distinguish seasonal and random variations, and useful for characterizing agricultural resource fitness.
Type: Open Bid, Industry
Spending Profile: 93-94: $75.2 K, 94-95: $66.3 K, Total: $141.6 K
Status: COMPLETED MARCH 1995
COESA Report No.: RES/MON-001/95
View Final Report Executive Summary, or Download Final Report

 

3.2 Development of Standard Methodologies: Resident Biomass and Organic Carbon.
Contractor: Dr. Gary Kachanoski,Environmental Soil Services, 605 Arkell Rd., Arkell, ONT N0B 1C0.
Objectives: To develop and test methods of measuring resident biomass and soil carbon and to relate these measurements to other soil properties directly related to soil fitness.
Expected Outputs: 150 of 200 Ap- horizon soil samples (75 landscapes x 2 tillage systems) from the TILLAGE-2000 plots will be utilized for developing and comparing methods of soil carbon analysis. Following these analysis, attention will be given to quantifying the effects of soil management on soil carbon levels, as well as the effects of other spatial and temporal functions such as soil erosion. Extensive background documentation is available to support interpretation of the current study.
Type: Open Bid, Industry
Spending Profile: 93-94: $46.3 K, 94-95: $50.8 K, 95-96: $52.5 K, Total: $149.6 K
Status: COMPLETED MARCH 1996
COESA Report No.: RES/MON-002/96
View Final Report Executive Summary, or Download Final Report

 

3.3 Development of Standard Methodologies: Bio-indicators and Methodologies to Quantify Soil Quality.
Contractor: Dr. C. M. Monréal, Centre for Land and Biological Resources Research, Agriculture & Agri-Food Canada, Central Experimental Farm, Ottawa, ONT, K1A 0C6
Objectives:
  1. To develop, test and adapt methodologies to examine the use of soil enzymes, lipids and light fraction of soil organic matter (SOM) as indicators of soil
  2. fitness,current agro-ecological status and to inform the public on the impacts of management on soil resources;
  3. To characterize and separate the temporal and spatial variabilities of soil enzymes, lipids and the light fraction from normal and random variation with a view to establishing quantitative relationships between soil enzyme properties, lipids and light fraction with other soil attributes that relate to quality in soil agro-ecosystems.
Expected Outputs: A comprehensive database of kinetic parameters (Michaelis constant, maximum velocity and inhibition constants) on soil enzymes (dehydrogenase, glucosidase, glutaminase, urease, sulfatase, phosphatase) lipids and light fraction obtained in spatially and temporally variable situations in the A and B horizons of native and cultivated soils at seven locations in Ontario. The soil properties are expected to be those associated with long term cultivation, the use of manure vs NH3 as sources of N, conventional and conservation tillage, and physical soil properties. The testing of statistical models used in quality control systems will be carried out in an effort to quantitatively assess the potential relations of soil biochemical and chemical properties with soil fitness and quality under aggrading, sustaining and degrading soil conditions.
Type: Fed. Government, In-House
Spending Profile: 93-94: $49.0 K, 94-95: $42.2 K, 95-96: $49.8 K, 96-97: $40.0 K, Total: $181.0 K
Status: COMPLETED MARCH 1997
COESA Report No.: RES/MON-003/97

 

3.4 Assessing the State of Agricultural Resources: Improving the LandResource Database
Contractor: Mr. David Cressman, Ecologistics Limited, 490 Dutton Drive, Waterloo, ONT, N2L 6H7
Objectives: To develop and test methods of upgrading and organizing soil survey information in selected settings in order to better understand the present condition of the agricultural land resource base and make it more useful for resource and land use planning purposes.
Expected Outputs: Consideration of two distinct types of problems and suggested methodological approaches for dealing with each will be developed to enable work to be completed across two important target areas. The two areas are Waterloo Region and the Town of Whitchurch-Stouffville in York Region. The latter includes landscapes of both an agricultural and an open space character, the latter being portions of the Oak Ridges Moraine. Both candidate sites suffer from deficiencies in their GIS-based soil resource inventories or maps, corrections of which will be adjusted on a pilot scale to provide estimates of the time, effort and degree of success which might be anticipated on the larger scale.
Type: Open Bid, Industry
Spending Profile: 93-94: $74.5 K, Total: $74.5 K
Status: COMPLETED, AVAILABLE, FEB. 1995
COESA Report No.: RES/MON-004/94
  View Final Report Executive Summary, or Download Final Report

 

3.5 State of Resources: Proposal for the Upgrade of Soil Survey Information in Oxford County.
Contractor: Mr. D. Charlton, Ecolog. Services For Planning, 361 Southgate Drive, Guelph, ONT N1G 3M5
Objectives: To provide updated information on the soil resource base to allow standard capability and environmental interpretations. The selected study area is Oxford County which represents a gap in the existing provincial data base with is required to address planning and environmental issues in agriculture in the Lake Erie Basin.
Expected Outputs: A compilation of existing information, a review of the status of adjacent county soil surveys with extrapolation into Oxford County, a test of a digital terrain model using 1 m contours for upgrading slope information, an appropriate sampling methodology for upgrading and verification of slope information, soil analysis of dominant soil types, and finally, an upgraded 1:50,000 soil map in digital format acceptable for the Provincial data base.
Type: Open Bid, Industry
Spending Profile: 93-94: $19.8 K, 94-95: $55.2 K, Total: $75.0 K
Status: COMPLETED MARCH 1995
COESA Report No.: RES/MON-005/95
View Final Report Executive Summary, or Download Final Report

 

3.6 Title: State of Resources: Development and Application of Standardized Methodology for Sampling Soil Landscape Polygons.
Contractor: Mr. J. Hagarty, Ecolog. Services For Planning, 361 Southgate Drive, Guelph, ONT, N1G 3M5
Objectives: To develop and test a methodology to establish the State of the Resources to clarify the current "fitness" of the agricultural resource and to provide "snapshots" of their status for public information.
Expected Outputs: A documented methodology for the collection, analysis and interpretation of soils data (organic carbon, textural class, pH and carbonates) obtained from selected soil landscape polygons identified in the Soil Landscapes of Canada, Ontario-South (1:1,000,000). Additionally, this methodology will be applied to a large portion of southern Ontario in order to characterize and update the current state of the soil resources under common management systems. It is anticipated that this methodology will provide a broad scale State of the Resources reporting tool.
Type: Open Bid, Industry
Spending Profile: 93-94: $35.5 K, 94-95: $42.9 K, Total: $78.4 K
Status: COMPLETED MARCH 1995
COESA Report No.: RES/MON-006/95
  View Final Report Executive Summary, or Download Final Report

 

3.7 State of Resources: Development and Testing of "State of Agricultural Resources" A Reporting and Monitoring Methodology for Ontario.
Contractor: Mr. Harold Moore, Gregory Geoscience Ltd, Kanata Square, Suite 504, 260 Hearst Way, Kanata ONT, K2C 2B5
Objectives: To develop and test a methodology to monitor the State of Agricultural Resources in Ontario.
Expected Outputs: A definition of the information requirement of a monitoring methodology; a collection of data needed to supply the required information, and a definition of the resources modelling procedures required; tests of the methodology from two parts of the province in Lanark and Kent Counties; a definition of the implementation of the methodology for Ontario. This methodology may be called the "STAR" (State of Agriculture Resource) reporting system.
Type: Open Bid, Industry
Spending Profile: 93-94: $47.4 K, 94-95: $27.5 K, Total: $74.9 K
Status: COMPLETED, AVAILABLE Feb. 1996
COESA Report No.: RES/MON-007/95
  View Final Report Executive Summary, or Download Final Report

 

3.8 State of Resources: Monitoring Soil Loss and Redistribution Using 137Cs.
Contractor: Dr. Gary Kachanoski, Environ. Soil Services, 605 Arkell Rd., Arkell, ONT N0B 1C0.
Objectives: To construct a map of base-line 137Cs values for an extensive part of southern Ontario to provide a future framework for classifying all present and future studies related to soil quality; and to determine the redistribution of 137Cs in a selected watershed which will demonstrate deposition within the watershed, export out of the watershed and loss from the surrounding uplands which will serve as a monitoring site for soil quality measurements in the future.
Expected Outputs: A data base of 137Cs values across South, West, Central and Eastern Ontario which will assist in actual measurements of the single most significant factor resulting in the degradation of the land base, for which there have been few actual measurements in the past. The unique character of this technology, which rests on the fallout from the testing of thermonuclear devices in the early 1950's and 1960's, is the fact that 137Cs is held tightly by soil, is not taken up by plants or leached out, and only moves from a site if the soil is lost. In order to use this tool for defining the state of the agricultural resource, a well defined base-line map is required.
Type: Open Bid, Industry
Spending Profile: 93-94: $26.5 K, 94-95: $25.4 K, 95-96: $22.8 K, Total: $74.7 K
Status: TO BE COMPLETED MARCH 1996
COESA Report No.: RES/MON-008/96
View Final Report Executive Summary, or Download Final Report

 

3.9 Development and Application of a Computerized System to Manage, Use and Distribute Data Collected by Green Plan Monitoring Research Projects.
Contractor: Mr. Ken Denholm, Ont. Land Resource Unit, C.L.B.R.R., Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, 70 Fountain Street, Guelph, ONT N1H 3N6
Objectives: To develop a data management and analysis system with the capability to correlate, interpret and document linkages between the data collected through Green Plan Monitoring Research Projects and other land resource information for Ontario; to carry out data and spatial analysis to verify the quality and content of data delivered through the Green Plan Monitoring component and where possible to standardize and extend the area of the data analyses; to provide standardized, documented copies of data for assessment and use by other projects and agencies and for comparison with future measurements.
Expected Outputs: A conceptual framework within which data collected from Green Plan Monitoring Research activities are organized in a way capable of correlation, interpretation and linkage to other land resource information for Ontario. It is expected that data and spatial analysis will be carried out to verify the quality and content of the data being drawn from the Green Plan Monitoring projects. This analysis will have enhanced the original project results and lead to potential extension of the data to other parts of the province and to other areas of study. Not least will be provision of standardized, documented copies of data for assessment and use by other projects and agencies and for comparison with future data.
Type: Fed. Government, In-House
Spending Profile: 93-94: $37.0 K, 94-95: $49.5 K, 95-96: $52.0 K, 96-97: $41.5 K, Total: $180.0 K
Status: COMPLETED MARCH 1997
COESA Report No.: RES/MON-009/96

 

3.10 Partitioning of Solutes from Agricultural Fields within the Hydrologic System at Two Sites in Southern Ontario and the Subsequent Impact on Adjacent Aquatic Ecosystems.
Contractor: Dr. David Rudolph (Kachanoski, Barton), Waterloo Centre for Groundwater Research, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ONT N2L 3G1
Objectives: To construct a sufficient data base which will represent annual variations in the agricultural cycle by quantifying the contaminant flux distribution over the annual cycle though a hydrologic water balance focusing on water partitioning between the unsaturated zone, aturated zone, tile drainage and surface water systems; by evaluating the significance of spatial positioning within the field; by documenting subsurface geochemical conditions that control the nitrification-denitrification processes in relation to the spatial positioning; by assessing the health of the aquatic ecosystem in the surface water drains compared to systems not impacted by similar toxins and finally, to employ newly-developed mathematical models to develop predictive capabilities for agricultural land-use impact assessment.
Expected Outputs: Documentation of the annual variability in water flux as a result of seasonal variation and during specific hydrologic events such as large rain storms will be provided. In addition the spatial and temporal variability of nitrogen compounds including ammonia and nitrate will be tracked. Additional chemical parameters will included dissolved oxygen, dissolved organic carbon and pH. The combination of the water balance and nitrogen balance measurements will provide a fairly detailed view of contaminant flux partitioning between soil water, shallow groundwater, tile drainage, deep ground water and surface water. Non-reactive tracers will be used at both sites to provide additional information for calibration and interpretation of contaminant transport observations.
Type: Contribution Agreement, University
Spending Profile: 93-94: $54.4 K, 94-95: $201.0 K, 95-96: $173.5 K, 96-97: $164.5 K Total: $593.5 K
Status: COMPLETED MARCH 1997
COESA Report No.: RES/MON-010/97

 

3.11 State of Resources: Improving the Land Resource data Base - Waterloo Region.
Contractor: Mr. D. Cressman, Ecologistics Limited, 490 Dutton Drive, Waterloo, ONT, N2L 6H7
Objectives: To compile and document for the complete Regional Municipality of Waterloo a soil survey map and associated database appropriate for use at a scale of 1:50,000 with linkage to the existing 1:20,000 soil survey data. The methods used to compile this information will be in accord with the procedures developed in the pilot study (Project # 3.4) including the upgrade of slope classes to current CSSC standards and minor modifications of boundaries to correspond with current stream boundaries and topographic and cultural features.
Expected Outputs:
  1. The final report will describe the relationship of the new map and database to the older 1:20000 Waterloo Soil Report # 44, and will include a discussion of appropriate ways of using the database;
  2. The final report will include a plotted map produced at a scale of 1:50,000 showing soil polygons on an OBM base showing major cultural features (roads and urban areas), major watercourses and major land disturbances such as gravel pits and a printed legend showing soil attributes;
  3. The final report will include digital data files of the map and associated database in standard ARC/Info format in a version and medium compatible with the hardware and software at the Ontario Land Resource Unit. Separate layers will be provided for the soil thematic layer, the hydrology layer, and the cultural layer. So far as possible the CanSIS conventions for naming of arc IDs will be used. The digital file record layout, format and contents will conform to the CanSIS standards as described in "CanSIS Manual 1 - CanSIS/NSDB: A general description" with the addition of a file which provides the linkage between the 1:50000 scale polygons and the 1:20000 scale polygons.
Type: Open Bid, Industry
Spending Profile: 94-95: $62.8 K, Total: $62.8 K
Status: COMPLETED SEPT. 1996
COESA Report No.: RES/MON-011/96
  View Final Report Executive Summary, or Download Final Report

 

3.12 Evaluation of High resolution Airborne Imagery and Global Position Systems for Monitoring Changes in Agroecosystems
Contractor: Dr. Richard Protz, Dept. of Land Resource Science, University of Guelph, Guelph, ONT N1G 2W1
Objectives:
  1. To register the high resolution imagery to topographic measurements obtained with a Global Positioning System;
  2. To measure the increase in soil organic matter (SOM) content of the surface layers of no-till plots as compared to conventionally till paired plots;
  3. To determine the range of spectral reflectance coefficient for mapping soils in Ontario.
Expected Outputs: Development of techniques for assessing soil surface organic matter distributions from aerial image maps, for the purpose of monitoring changes in agroecosystems at field scale.
Type: Contribution Agreement, University
Spending Profile: 95-96: $20.0 K
Status: COMPLETED MARCH 1996
COESA Report No.: RES/MON-012/96

 

3.13 To Assess the Approaches, Data, Synthesize Findings and Make Recommendations on the Technical Reports Prepared for Agriculture Canada (SSC File No. XSE92-00321-(302/A).
Contractor: Mr. Michael Hoffman, AgPlan, Guelph, ONT N1H 4E9
Objectives:
  1. To review Research Reports #3.4, #3.5, #3.6, #3.7, #3.8, and evaluate those proposals in the context of and evolving research directions in the Green Plan and the Canada-Ontario Agreement (COA) respecting the Great Lakes Basin;
  2. To review literature to assist in the evaluation and the provision of context;
  3. To establish a recommended approach based on the review, evaluation and literature.
Expected Outputs: The completed work would include the context as set out by the objectives of the COA as follows: i) To restore degraded ecosystems (RAPs); ii) To prevent and control pollutatn impacts; iii) To conserve human/ecosystem health, and integrate ecosystem management. The report summarizing the findings will include reference to the literature and/or to past/present practices in agrology in support of the information, providing context, and in suport of the recommendations. This report will be useful as a planning tool.
Type: Unsolicited Proposal, Industry
Spending Profile: 96-97: $26.4 K
Status: COMPLETED MAR. 1997
COESA Report No.: RES/MON-013/97

 


 Project Table of Contents | Green Plan Research


4. -- SUPPLEMENTARY PROJECTS

(Projects 4.2, 4.3, 4.4 funded under the Land Management Assistance Program - LMAP)

4.1a Maintenance Program for Three Southwestern Ontario Watersheds, 1993 -94.
Contractor: Mr. David Hayman, Upper Thames Conservation Authority, R.R. #6, London, ONT N6A 4C1
Objectives:
  1. To encourage the continued adoption of conservation tillage/cropping practices on three watersheds (Essex, Kettle, Kintore) through dialogue with landowners;
  2. To monitor the water quality of the streams in the watersheds using existing monitoring equipment from previous programs (primarily the SWEEP [Soil and Water Environmental Enhancement Program]).
Expected Outputs: Besides providing continuing support for the landowners in adopting conservation tillage/cropping practices, this project will provide an ongoing record of the water quality and quantity as well as the agricultural practices on these watersheds.
Partners: Conservation Authorities (Upper Thames River, Kettle Creek, Essex Region), Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs, Ontario Ministry of Environment and Energy , University of Guelph, Water Survey, Environment Canada, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada
Type: Contribution Agreement, Conservation Authority
Spending Profile: 93-94: $25.0 K (not including in-kind contributions of partners)
Status: COMPLETED, AVAILABLE MAR. 1995
COESA Report No.: LMAP-016/94

 

4.1b Maintenance Program for Three Southwestern Ontario Watersheds, 1994 -95.
Contractor: Mr. Ian Wilcox, Upper Thames Conservation Authority, R.R. #6, London, ONT N6A 4C1
Objectives:
  1. To encourage the continued adoption of conservation tillage/cropping practices on three watersheds (Essex, Kettle, Kintore) through dialogue with landowners;
  2. To monitor the water quality of the streams in the watersheds using existing monitoring equipment from previous programs (primarily the SWEEP [Soil and Water Environmental Enhancement Program]).
Expected Outputs: Besides providing continuing support for the landowners in adopting conservation tillage/cropping practices, this project will provide an ongoing record of the water quality and quantity as well as the agricultural practices on these watersheds. NOTE: a continuation of Project 4.1a.
Partners: Conservation Authorities (Upper Thames River, Kettle Creek, Essex Region), Ministry of Environment and Energy , University of Guelph, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada
Type: Contribution Agreement, Conservation Authority
Spending Profile: 94-95: $33.9 K (not including in-kind contributions of partners)
Status: COMPLETED, AVAILABLE October 1995
COESA Report No.: LMAP-016/95
  View Final Report Executive Summary, or Download Final Report

 

4.1c Maintenance Program for Three Southwestern Ontario Watersheds, 1995 -96.
Contractor: Mr. Deryl Nethercott, Upper Thames Conservation Authority, 1424 Clarke Rd., London, ONT N5V 5B9.
Objectives:
  1. To encourage the continued adoption of conservation tillage/cropping practices on three watersheds (Essex, Kettle, Kintore) through dialogue with landowners;
  2. To monitor the water quality of the streams in the watersheds using existing monitoring equipment from previous programs (primarily the SWEEP [Soil and Water Environmental Enhancement Program]).
Expected Outputs: Besides providing continuing support for the landowners in adopting conservation tillage/cropping practices, this project will provide an ongoing record of the water quality and quantity as well as the agricultural practices on these watersheds. NOTE: a continuation of Project 4.1a/b.
Partners: Conservation Authorities (Upper Thames River, Kettle Creek, Essex Region), University of Guelph, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada
Type: Contribution Agreement, Conservation Authority
Spending Profile: 95-96: $29.8 K (not including in-kind contributions of partners)
Status: COMPLETED, AVAILABLE December 1996
COESA Report No.: LMAP-016/96
  View Final Report Executive Summary, or Download Final Report

 

4.2 The Transformation Rates of Inorganic Nitrogen in Animal Manure Into Plants and Soil Organic Matter and its Re-Release From Soil Organic Matter.
Contractor: Dr. M.J. Goss, and P.S. Smith, Centre for Land and Water Stewardship, Univ. of Guelph, Guelph, ONT N1G 2W1
Objectives: To study the fate of nitrogen from liquid dairy cattle and composted cattle manures in two field experiments (at the Elora Research Station, and at the Winchester research Station of Kemptville College), in which cover crops are grown to investigate the cycling of manure nitrogen between soil and crops in the fall, and to identify whether significant nitrogen is transferred from the cover crop to corn planted in the following spring.
Expected Outputs: This study will improve the understanding of nitrogen cycling from animal manures into soils and crops, and show the role of cover crops in nitrogen transformations.
Type: Contribution Agreement, University
Spending Profile: 93-94: $38.8 K
Status: COMPLETED, AVAILABLE January 1996.
COESA Report No.: LMAP-013/94
  View Final Report Executive Summary, or Download Final Report

 

4.3 Influence of Soil Texture andTillage-Induced Changes on the Susceptibility of Legume-N to Leaching.
Contractor: Dr. B.D. Kay, and Dr. V. Rasiah, Dept. of Land Resource Science, Univ. of Guelph, Guelph, ONT N1G 2W1
Objectives:
  1. To determine the influence of variations in soil structure, bulk density, and the volume fraction of pores (VFP) belonging to different size classes, on N-mineralization subsequent to red clover incorporation and;
  2. To develop equations to predict the rates of N-mineralization on different soils.
Expected Outputs: To improve the understanding of the influence of legumes, used as winter cover crops or underseeded in row-crops, on soil N dynamics, and their place in developing sustainable crop production systems.
Type: Contribution Agreement, University
Spending Profile: 93-94: $53.8 K
Status: COMPLETED, AVAILABLE MAR. 1995
COESA Report No.: LMAP-015/94

 

4.4 A Environmental Monitoring of Agricultural Constructed Wetlands - A Provincial Study.
Contractor: Assoc. of Conservation Authorities of Ontario, 418A Sheridan Street, Peterborough, ONT K9H 3J9 (Contact: Mr. David Hayman, Upper Thames Conservation Authority, R. R. #6, London, ONT N6A 4C1)
Objectives:
  1. To identify approximately 12 farm sites across the province of Ontario which would meet at least one of the accepted design layouts for constructing an artificial wetland;
  2. To install equipment for the monitoring of both surface and groundwater quality at each of the identified farm sites identified in Objective 1 in advance of the construction phase (which is to be completed by the end of 1994), to provide baseline water quality information.
Expected Outputs: The report from this project will document the various Artificial Wetland designs used in the study, and will provide detailed information on the instrumentation used to monitor water quality (surface, groundwater) at the sites.
Type: Contribution Agreement, Conservation Authority
Spending Profile: 93-94: $120.0 K (does not include in-kind contributions from partners)
Status: COMPLETED, AVAILABLE MAR. 1995
COESA Report No.: LMAP-014/94

 

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