Objectives and Expected Outputs
- To encourage the continued adoption of conservation
tillage/cropping practices on three watersheds (Essex, Kettle, Kintore)
through dialogue with landowners;
- To monitor the water quality of the streams in the
watersheds using existing monitoring equipment from previous programs
(primarily the SWEEP [Soil
and Water Environmental Enhancement Program]).
||Besides providing continuing support for
the landowners in adopting conservation tillage/cropping practices, this
project will provide an ongoing record of the water quality and quantity
as well as the agricultural practices on these watersheds.
||Contribution Agreement, Conservation Authority
||93-94: $25.0 K (not including in-kind contributions of
||Available March 1995
The Soil and Water Environmental Enhancement Program was initiated in
1986 with an overall mandate to:
reduce Ontario's Non-Point Source loadings of phosphorus to Lake Erie
from agricultural sources by 200 tonnes; and
maintain or improve the productivity of the primary agricultural sector
in Southwestern Ontario by reducing or correcting soil erosion and degradation.
The Paired Watershed Study was a major Soil and Water Environmental Enhancement
Program sub-program aimed at evaluating and showing the benefits of established
conservation farming systems at the watershed and smaller levels. The cooperating
agencies in Soil and Water Environmental Enhancement Program are: Environment
Canada, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada and the Ontario Ministry of the
Environment and Energy. Beak Consultants Limited was the prime contractor
responsible to Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada and Ontario Ministry of
the Environment and Energy. Ecologistics Limited was a subcontractor to
Beak and was responsible for site selection and the agronomic program of
the Paired Watershed Study.
The Paired Watershed Study started in 1987 with detailed study design,
staffing, training, cooperator enlistment, and watershed selection. Farm
plans were initiated in August 1988 and environmental monitoring began the
same year. Monitoring and evaluation was conducted from late 1988 until
Initially, three paired watersheds were selected for study. Figure 1
shows the locations of the three study watersheds within the Lake Erie watershed.
Also, shown is the location of a fourth study area known as the Kintore
Creek watershed. The Kintore paired watershed study has been ongoing since
1984. This study has mirrored many objectives of the Soil and Water Environmental
Enhancement Program Paired Watershed Study. The study was initiated by the
Upper Thames River Conservation Authority, Ontario Ministry of Environment
and Energy, and Environment Canada.
May 17, 2011 11:09:33 AM