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Research Report  4.1b

Maintenance Program for Three
Southwestern Ontario Watersheds
1994 - 1995

Mr. Ian Wilcox, Upper Thames Conservation Authority,
R.R. #6, London, ONT N6A 4C1
COESA Report No.:  LMAP-016b/96

Objectives & Expected Outputs

View / Download Report   [463 KB pdf] (maps & data appendices included)


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Objectives and Expected Outputs
  1. To encourage the continued adoption of conservation tillage/cropping practices on three watersheds (Essex, Kettle, Kintore) through dialogue with landowners;
  2. To monitor the water quality of the streams in the watersheds using existing monitoring equipment from previous programs (primarily the SWEEP [Soil and Water Environmental Enhancement Program]).
Expected Outputs: Besides providing continuing support for the landowners in adopting conservation tillage/cropping practices, this project will provide an ongoing record of the water quality and quantity as well as the agricultural practices on these watersheds.     NOTE: a continuation of Project 4.1a.
Type: Contribution Agreement, Conservation Authority
Spending Profile: 94-95: $33.9 K (not including in-kind contributions of partners)
Status: Available Fall 1995


Executive Summary

The Soil and Water Environmental Enhancement Program was initiated in 1986 with an overall mandate to:

  • reduce Ontario's Non-Point Source loadings of phosphorus to Lake Erie from agricultural sources by 200 tonnes; and

  • maintain or improve the productivity of the primary agricultural sector in Southwestern Ontario by reducing or correcting soil erosion and degradation.

The Paired Watershed Study was a major Soil and Water Environmental Enhancement Program sub-program aimed at evaluating and showing the benefits of established conservation farming systems at the watershed and smaller levels. The cooperating agencies in Soil and Water Environmental Enhancement Program are: Environment Canada, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada and the Ontario Ministry of the Environment and Energy. Beak Consultants Limited was the prime contractor responsible to Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada and Ontario Ministry of the Environment and Energy. Ecologistics Limited was a subcontractor to Beak and was responsible for site selection and the agronomic program of the Paired Watershed Study.

The Paired Watershed Study started in 1987 with detailed study design, staffing, training, cooperator enlistment, and watershed selection. Farm plans were initiated in August 1988 and environmental monitoring began the same year. Monitoring and evaluation was conducted from late 1988 until mid 1992.

Initially, three paired watersheds were selected for study. Figure 1 shows the locations of the three study watersheds within the Lake Erie watershed. Also, shown is the location of a fourth study area known as the Kintore Creek watershed. The Kintore paired watershed study has been ongoing since 1984. This study has mirrored many objectives of the Soil and Water Environmental Enhancement Program Paired Watershed Study. The study was initiated by the Upper Thames River Conservation Authority, Ontario Ministry of Environment and Energy, and Environment Canada.



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