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Land Management Assistance Program


High Crop Residue

Permanent Cover II (PC II)

Rural Conservation Clubs Program (RCCP)
   ** See also under Green Plan Program

Environmental Farm Plan Pilot Project
   ** See also under Green Plan Program

Best Management Practices (BMP)
    ** See also under Green Plan Program

Ontario Farm Groundwater Quality Survey II (Summer 1992)  [PDF]
   ** See also the original Farm Groundwater Survey (Winter 1991/92) under ESI Program
        See also Related Report:
          Contamination in Ontario farmstead domestic wells and its Association with Agriculture:
              1. Results from Drinking Water Wells. M. Goss, D.Barry, D. Rudolph. 1998  [301 KB]

Ontario Waste Agricultural Pesticides Collection Program


Additional LMAP Projects






  1. High Crop Residue
    1. Background and Authority

      The Land Management Adjustment Program provided financial incentives to encourage farmers to achieve and adopt conservation tillage systems which deal with high crop residue management. This $4,822,248.47 sub-program was delivered by Ontario Soil and Crop Improvement Association (OSCIA) County/District Program Committees.

      Program Duration: April, 1992 - November 30, 1993.

      The main guidelines to the amount of assistance were:

      1. $25 per acre was paid for eligible acres where 30-39% of the soil surface is covered by residue from previous crops at time of planting. $30 per acre was paid for eligible acres where 40% or greater of the soil surface was covered by residue from previous crops at time of planting.

      2. Up to 30% of an applicant's total planted acres in the 1991 crop year was eligible, to a maximum of 100 acres per program year. If the applicant applied for the program only in year 2, then a contribution was made up to 30% of the acres (to a maximum of 100 acres) planted in the 1992 crop year.

      3. The maximum contribution made by Agriculture Canada per applicant, was $3000 per program year. (Maximum $6000 over 2 years.)

    2. Incidence

      There was a total of 4348 applications received. Of those, 3638 were accepted and paid. The total amount of residue acres inspected was 158,650. The total dollars paid out were $4,822,248.67. The average payment per applicant was $1462.17.

    3. Impact of Sub-Program

      The adoption of conservation tillage systems involving high crop residue management will assist in the protection of Ontario's soil and water resources.



  2. Permanent Cover II (PC II)
    1. Background and Authority

      The LMAP Permanent Cover II program was developed to assist in the implementation of on-farm conservation measures by providing financial incentives for farmers to retire sensitive land. Ontario's allocation was $15.242 million between April 1, 1992 and March 31, 1994.

    2. Incidence

      The LMAP was signed by Federal and Provincial Ministers of Agriculture on March 25, 1991. This program was delivered by the Ontario Soil and Crop Improvement Association (OSCIA). The program was initiated Fall 1993, and the program duration was March 1993 to March 1994. Contributions to farmers were $2,425,000. Program administration costs were $200,000. Cost of demonstration sites were $84,130. The total expenditures were $2,709,130. The draft final report is expected at the end of May 1994.

    3. Impact of Sub-Program

      Financial incentives encouraged farmers to implement environmentally sound management practices on their land. Focus was on the protection of the agricultural lands most sensitive to erosion, using buffer strips along water courses, and tree plantings on fragile land.



  3. Rural Conservation Clubs Program (RCCP)
    1. Background and Authority

      This sub-program was developed to support innovative research and demonstration projects in environmentally sustainable agriculture.

      Financial support is being provided for Ontario farmers and conservationists working in partnerships to test and exchange new ideas. Financial support covers up to 50% of the cost of conducting these projects. Successful applicants provide materials, cash, labour or other "in-kind" services. Provide-wide clubs may qualify for up to $50,000 a year, while local clubs may receive up to $20,000 each year. Projects can run until March 31, 1997 with additional support from the Green Plan. A Selection Committee composed of both agricultural and environmental stakeholders evaluates all applications.

    2. Incidence

      The second year of activities under the Rural Conservation Clubs Program came to an end March 31, 1994. As of that time, 122 proposals were submitted to the Rural Conservation Club Selections Committee for review. Thirty-four proposals were been approved for funding under the Program and most are up and running. A further 5 proposals have been approved in principle for funding pending the receipt of some additional information on the respective projects by Club members.

    3. Impact of Sub-Program

      The purpose of this Sub-Program is to encourage farmers and conservationists to get together to exchange and test ideas about environmentally sustainable agriculture by providing financial assistance for the formation of Clubs.

      Total funds paid out for the Rural Conservation Clubs Program under LMAP (92-93 and 93-94) were $505,000. The RCCP is now funded and continued under the Canada-Ontario Agriculture Green Plan. The estimated total amount of funds to be paid out under this section is $2,000,000 over a three year period (94-95, 95-96, and 96-97). See Canada-Ontario Agriculture Green Plan section for further details on individual projects.



  4. Environmental Farm Plan Pilot Project
    1. Background and Authority

      The Environmental Farm Plan (EFP) Pilot Project was developed by the Ontario Farm Environmental Coalition (Ontario Federation of Agriculture, AGCare, Christian Farmers Federation of Ontario and Ontario Farm Animal Council) to encourage farmers to adopt a pro-active position regarding environmental issues on their farms.

      Participation involved attending a workshop, completing a workbook to assess each farm's environmental situation, and preparing an action plan to improve each farm's environmental sustainability. Action plans were reviewed by a committee of peers to ensure appropriateness of the actions proposed.

      This sub-program, including its evaluation, received total funding in the amount of $589,000. The pilot project was delivered in seven counties/districts, namely, Essex, Oxford, Huron, Niagara, Hastings, Russell and Timiskaming.

    2. Incidence

      A total of 451 farmers participated in the pilot project which was somewhat less than the objective of 500. Of those who participated, 261 completed their action plans for peer review. Reasons for this shortfall include timing of workshops, concerns for confidentiality of information in completed workbooks and action plans, and inadequate promotion.

    3. Impact of Sub-Program

      Evaluation of the pilot project and feedback from participants indicated that, with some modifications, the program should be continued and expanded to all counties/districts of the province. Additional funding from LMAP in the amount of $600,000 was provided as interim funding until EFP program details were finalized under the Green Plan. Further information on the EFP Program can be found in the Green Plan section.



  5. Best Management Practices (BMP)
    1. Background Authority

      The agricultural and rural non-farm communities have expressed the general need for practical, readable and visually appealing information regarding sustainable resource management. The Best Management Practices booklets have been developed in direct response to this need. Best Management Practices (BMP's) are defined as those agricultural practices that integrate environmental concerns with production and financial goals. BMP booklets are targeted to agricultural producers and other rural non-farm residents interested in making changes to their management practices.

    2. Incidence

      Five booklets have been produced to date. They are: Farm Forestry and Habitat Management; Field Crop Production; Horticultural Crops; Livestock and Poultry Waste Management; and, Water Management. Three other booklets are in preparation including one each on nutrient management, soil management, and wildlife management.

    3. Impact of Sub-Program

      The booklets provide farmers with current information and options that fit their environmental and business objectives, as well as, practical guidelines drawn from research and on-farm experience. The booklets have been well received, with most titles being reprinted to fulfil demand. Other Jurisdictions have expressed intersection purchasing copies of BMP's. BMP's assimilate the best available information on resource management systems that integrates environmental, production and business goals. Additional Best Management Practices publications and supporting technology transfer activities are being prepared.

      The funding under LMAP for the BMP booklets was $897,000. BMP is now funded and continued under the Canada-Ontario Agriculture Green Plan.



  6. Ontario Farm Groundwater Quality Survey II (Summer 1992)
    1. (i) Background and Authority

      This sub-program was funded to the amount of $600,000. It investigated the same set of drinking water wells and multilevel monitoring wells that were sampled during the initial survey conducted in the winter of 1991-92 (Ontario Farm Groundwater Quality Survey 1) under the Environmental Sustainability Initiative.

      Approximately 1300 domestic farm wells were re-sampled and the groundwater analyzed for nitrate-N, total and faecal conform bacteria, and several common pesticides. The maximum acceptable concentration (MAC) of total coliform bacteria in private drinking water supplies was revised by the Ontario Ministry of Health, in October 1992, from 10 to 5 colonies per 100 mL. The results were analyzed relative to both the old and new threshold levels.

    2. Incidence

      Forty percent of all wells tested contained one or more of the target contaminants at concentrations above the previous provincial drinking water objectives. 32% of wells exceeded the previous maximum acceptable concentration for at least one of the conform bacteria selected for analysis. 25% had faecal conform bacteria. 15% exceeded the Ontario maximum acceptable concentration for nitrate (7% exceeded the maximum acceptable concentration for both conform bacteria and nitrate (previous objectives) and 8% exceeded the acceptable concentration for nitrate alone). 12% of the wells had detectable levels of pesticides.

    3. Impact of Sub-Program

      The results of the survey have provided baseline information on the general and seasonal occurrence in Ontario of groundwater contaminants commonly associated with agriculturally developed areas. The information obtained also raises a series of additional questions, and points towards several areas that require research to develop a stronger knowledge base in the area of groundwater contamination and the quality of water in rural water wells.

      Executive Summary and Introduction of the "Ontario Farm Groundwater Quality Survey - Summer 1992"

      View / Download the report "Ontario Farm Groundwater Quality Survey - Summer 1992" (June 1993) [795 KB pdf]

      See Original Report Also:

      View / Download Ontario Farm Groundwater Quality Survey Winter 1991/1992  (Sept 1992)
      [1544 KB pdf]



  7. Ontario Waste Agricultural Pesticides Collection Program
    1. Background and Authority

      This sub-program was funded to the amount of $265,394.06. The purpose of this subprogram was to assist farmers in safely disposing of de-registered, outdated or unwanted agricultural pesticides stored on their farms. The program was conducted over two years (1991-92) and there was no charge to the farmers who participated.

      The sub-program involved setting up temporary collection depots where farmers could bring in their waste pesticides. In total, 29 collection depots were established (19 in Southern Ontario and 10 in Northern Ontario).

      The Pesticide Waste Management Committee was established to develop and implement the sub-program. The Committee had members from the Ontario Council of the Crop Protection Institute; AGCare (Agricultural Groups Concerned About Resources and the Environment); and Ontario Ministries of Environment & Energy and Agriculture & Food.

    2. incidence

      Over 960 farmers participated in the sub-program (some brought waste from more than one farm). Approximately 35,000 kg and 59,000 litres of waste were collected.

    3. Impact of the Sub-Program

      The sub-program was considered a success. All farmers who participated received an Information Kit that contained information on the proper management of pesticides, and offered suggestions for reducing pesticide waste.



  8. Additional LMAP Projects


    Technology Transfer: Providing Support Material for Tours and Presentations of the Don and Alison Lobb Conservation Farm

    Ecologists Limited - $11,786 ending March 31, 1994. - Jane Sadler Richards, Ecologists Ltd.

    Since 1966, Don and Alison Lobb have been adopting soil conservation and environmental protection measures on their farm by the way of no-till crop and seed production, grassed waterways, gravel pit rehabilitation, retirement of the marginal land etc. The Lobb farm has become a frequent stop on many of the agricultural tours in southwestern Ontario. Between 200 to 300 people visit the farm each year.



    Land Use Adjacent to Southern Ontario Wetlands

    Snell and Cecile Environmental Research - $10,000 ending March 31, 1994

    The purposes of this project are to: provide an estimate of Ministry of Natural Resources evaluated wetland adjacent to each of agricultural land, built-up areas and other land uses in southern Ontario; and to provide spatial trend estimates of the proportions of types of farm operation adjacent to the evaluated wetlands in southern Ontario.

    For more information on this project, please contact: Elizabeth Snell, Snell and Cecile Environmental Research.

    View / Download Final Report [781 KB pdf]

    8.3 Groundwater and the Rural/Farming Community Video Production

    Ontario Ground Water Association - Groundwater Education Ontario - $50,000 ending March 31, 1994 - A.R. (Tony) Lotimer, Ontario Ground Water Association

    This project resulted in a video (and supporting script) on the topic of groundwater and rural/farming community. The overall purpose of the production is to foster an awareness of the importance of groundwater in the rural community through a partnership between the general public, the groundwater industry and government agencies.

    The target audience would be rural residents, rural business, farm and other rural organizations, teachers and students, and the general public.


    8.4 WHY WETLANDS? Education Kit - Junior/Intermediate Level

    The Federation of Ontario Naturalists - $36,600 ending March 31, 1994

    The original Why Wetlands? kit, produced in 1982, is a comprehensive package specifically designed to help educators of intermediate level students integrate wetlands into the curriculum. The Why Wetlands? kit has proven to be a valuable learning tool for students in helping them understand and appreciate the nature of wetlands, their role in ecosystems, and the importance of preserving wetlands. The kit contains background information, classroom activities and instructions for possible outings, and follow-up activities.

    The new Why Wetlands? kit is revised and updated, due to the many changes in the past decade in both attitudes and actions involving wetlands. New government policies, updated facts and statistics, and current references and examples are incorporated. Other issues which have been introduced since the original printing include the purple loosestrife influx and steps forward in the reduction of acid rain and pesticide pollution.

    For more information on this project, please contact: Ms. Sherry Pettigrew, Acting Director of Development, Federation of Ontario Naturalists.


    8.5 COMPUTER SIMULATION OF BMP's - A strategy to locate and manage artificial wetlands, ponds, infiltration systems and overland flow treatment systems in Ontario

    Claude Weil, Alfred College - $29,000 ending March 31, 1994.

    Over the past twenty years, there has been increasing public pressure to improve the quality of recreational waters in urban areas. Best Management Practices (BMP's), such as wet ponds, have been extensively tested and are routinely constructed. Global urban strategies for the control and treatment of stormwater runoff have been established using powerful computer planning models such as QUALHYMO (Rowney, 1985) and Express SWMM (Nix et al, 1989).

    The objective of the work is to provide decision makers with a computer model for the management of water quality in rural areas using: artificial wetlands, slow and fast infiltration beds, facultative and aerobic ponds and overland flow systems.

    For each watershed, such a model would allow the definition of a network of selected BMP's. Their type, location, design, operational mode and interaction would be defined for local climatic and land use conditions.

    Fore more information on this project, please contact: Claude Weil, P.Eng., Section Head, Research and Technology Transfer Services - Alfred College of Agricultural Technology.


    8.6 A Study of the Seasonal Variation in Well-Water Contamination, and Survey the Health of Farm Families Drinking Water Contaminated with Nitrate or Bacteria.

    University of Guelph - Land Resource Science - $54,818 ending March 31, 1994 - Mike Goss, Chair, Land Stewardship, Land Resource Sci., U. of Guelph.

    The seasonal variability in the contamination of a well needs to be confirmed, and an explanation sought. Evidence of seasonality in the presence of pesticide residues needs to be addressed at the time immediately following spring runoff. The long-term trend in the level of contamination needs to be determined for nitrate, bacteria, and pesticides.

    Underlying the program on groundwater quality is the assumption that there is a significant health risk associated with drinking contaminated water. Detailed epidemiological studies are needed, linked to continued monitoring of wells used to supply drinking water, to identify the health risks from the levels of contamination current in groundwater.

    View / Download Report (240 KB pdf)


    8.7 Environmental Farm Plans Workbook - Home Study Package

    University of Guelph - Ontario Agricultural College (OAC) Independent Study - $42,500 ending March 31, 1994.

    Independent Study/OAC Access of the University of Guelph was awarded funding to develop an alternative delivery method to the EFP Workshops. The Environmental Farm Plans (EFP) Workbook Home Study Guide is designed as an extremely user-friendly, easy to follow manual and video package that provides the with a HOW TO approach, while also trying to capture some of the other beneficial aspects otherwise attained in workshops. The basic purpose of the Home Study Guide is to, as much as possible, provide the same learning as would be achieved through the two-day workshops.

    For more information on this project, please contact: Adrienne De Schutter, Agriculture Coordinator.


    8.8 The Development Of An Ontario Goose Depredation Survey Project

    Canadian Wildlife Service - $20,000 ending March 31, 1994

    The Canadian Wildlife Service, Environment Canada, has completed a survey of all Migratory Bird Convention Act Canada Goose depredation permit holders over the past three years. The results of the survey will be utilized by the information / tech initiative.

    The survey is designed to relate back to earlier population surveys and will include the determination of sampling intensity, selection of the appropriate topographic maps and aerial photographs, identification of sample plots and preparation of the survey data form. The population survey will be implemented in agricultural areas of Southern Ontario by CWS staff in 1994/95. All work will be completed by March 31, 1994.

    For more information on this project, please contact: Laurie Maynard, Environmental Conservation Branch, Canadian Wildlife Services.


    8.9 Wildlife Shrub Workshops

    The Association of Conservation Authorities of Ontario - $28,000 ending March 31, 1994

    The purpose for holding wildlife shrub workshops is to bring together the users and the suppliers of wildlife shrubs to exchange information on the needs/demands and the latest technology on production, for the benefit of wildlife in Ontario. The current challenge of dealing with the conflict between agricultural production and wildlife will also be addressed, including the use of alternative wildlife species such as wildrose, hazelnut and the value of wildlife in crop production, such as birds eating insects.

    The workshops are targeted at several groups, such as, landowners, industry, government, non-government organizations, agricultural organizations and municipalities who will be encouraged to attend these workshops.

    For more information on this project, please contact: Tom Prout, P.Ag., Association of Conservation Authorities of Ontario.


    8.10 Wildlife Habitat Enhancement on the Farm

    Maitland Valley Conservation Authority - $21,020 ending March 31, 1994

    The project is a planning process integrating the enhancement of wildlife habitat into the development of agro-ecological farm management plans. It involves a cooperative and participatory process between the landowner and a professional facilitator to enhance wildlife habitat areas within marginal or environmentally sensitive areas on the farm.

    For more information on this project, please contact: Phil Beard or Chris Hoskins, Maitland Valley Conservation Authority.


    8.11  Innovative Farmers No-Till/Ridge Workshop Sponsorship

    Innovative Farmers, c/o Country Guide - $8,000 ending March 31, 1994

    This project outlines the latest in conservation ideas, techniques and management options. The following sessions were held concurrently: Fertility Management; Taking the Plunge; Profit Without Crops; Manure Management in Reduced Tillage; Narrow Row Strip Cropping; and Managing Crop Residues and Cover Crops.

    The growing demand for information for innovative farming is evident from the increased attendance each year at the workshop -- from 35 the first year to 450 last year. With climbing input costs and flat commodity prices farmers are keen to hear about proven, viable methods that could mean profit opportunities for them.

    For more information on this project, please contact: Agriculture & Agri-Food Canada.


    8.12  The Transformation Rates of Inorganic Nitrogen in Animal Manure into Plants and Soil Organic Matter and its Subsequent Re-release from Soil Organic Matter

    The Centre for Land and Water Stewardship, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON - $37,210 ending March 31, 1994 - Dr. Michael Goss, The Centre for Land and Water Stewardship, U. of Guelph, Guelph, ON N1G 2W1

    COESA Report No.: LMAP-013/94

    Two field experiments were established in 1991 at the Elora Research Station and at the Winchester Research Station of Kemptville College to investigate the fate of mineral nitrogen in animal manures, using N15-labelled ammonium sulphate as a tracer. Current funding was supplied to complete the analysis of the field-collected nitrogen samples.


    8.13 The Influence of Soil Texture and Tillage on the Susceptibility of Legume Nitrogen to Leaching

    Land Resource Science Dept., University of Guelph, Guelph, ON - $53,791 ending March 31, 1994 - Dr. Bev Kay, Land Resource Science Dept., U. of Guelph, Guelph, ON N1G 2W1

    COESA Report No.: LMAP-015/94





Created: October 24, 1997 09:40:52 AM
Last Revised:  Thursday, January 12, 2012 03:20:23 PM