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Tillage-2000 (T-2000)

List of T-2000 Research Reports

Original Sub-Program Description

  1. Will be introduced in 1985, with OMAF, OSCIA and University of Guelph cooperating. Select, manage and supervise 30-50 on-farm sites for 3-5 years to demonstrate and monitor the effects of alternative tillage practices and crop rotations and to analyze data generated.

  2. OMAF will implement and accelerate demonstration program to promote wider adoption of proven S/W conservation technology on agricultural lands.

  3. Main thrust on soil and crop management practices, primarily tillage and crop rotations.

  4. Projects mainly located on farms of members of OSCIA.

Responsibility: Provincial Government - OMAF

Budget: $1.75 Million - $1,952,000 spent (includes Side-by-Side)

Delivery Agent: OMAF


Tillage 2000 was a long term (5 year, on-farm, field scale research and demonstration project which began in 1985 and was fully implemented during 1986. Twenty-three cooperators were selected in the spring of 1985 on the basis of field site suitability (soil type, topography, access, location, and the interest and capabilities of the cooperator.

The main objective of Tillage 2000 was to develop and evaluate conservation farming systems which maximized economic productivity and minimized soil degradation for specific soil types. The project was conducted on 40 farms across the province (Figure 1).

T-2000 Map

Tillage 2000 was unique to soil conservation in Ontario by virtue of its methodology and process: the project included both a research and demonstration component within an economic farm unit framework: the process was both investigative and developmental over several years. The program was designed to introduce concepts of conservation tillage systems to a larger number of producers and to provide a way to distribute known information and experience through field scale demonstration.

A viable conservation farming system must consider not only the cropping and tillage program, but also the soil resource and economic net returns. Tillage 2000 studied the relationships among these components.

Tillage 2000 was also a developmental process on each project farm. Conservation tillage systems that did not meet expectations on a project farm were modified in subsequent years to improve performance. Successful components unique to similar projects at other locations, were incorporated as well as ideas the cooperator had to improve the system.

Tillage 2000 was a cooperative effort by the Ontario Ministry of Agriculture and Food (OMAF, the Department of Land Resource Science, University of Guelph, and the Ontario Soil and Crop Improvement Association. In addition, several conservation authorities had joint agreements with OMAF to deliver the Tillage 2000 program as part of an agricultural soil and water conservation program. In Southwestern Ontario Tillage 2000 was part of the federal-provincial Soil and Water Environmental Enhancement Program (SWEEP).

The project was managed by the Soil Conservation Advisors, Soil and Water Management Branch (OMAF). Project work was conducted by teams consisting of OMAF soil conservation advisors, conservation authority staff, and cooperating farmers. Data collected by the team was compiled and statistically analyzed by the Land Resource Science Department, University of Guelph.

The success of the Tillage 2000 project relied heavily upon the cooperating farmers without whom the project would not be possible. Staff and supporting program resources were funded by the following agencies: Ontario Ministry of Agriculture and Food; Joint Program Conservation Authorities; Department of Land Resource Science, University of Guelph; Ontario Soil and Crop improvement Association; and agribusiness who provided expertise and donated products to the projects.

Related Reports




Created: 04-10-1996
Last Updated: Wednesday, January 24, 2018 07:25:53 AM