- J. Rigby, Blenheim, Ont., J.E. Shaw, Ridgetown College of Agricultural
Technology, Ridgetown, Ont., Southwestern Ontario Agricultural Research
Corporation (SWOARC), Harrow, Ont.
Evaluation Summary (Tech. Transfer Report Summaries)
View / Download Final Report [995 KB pdf]
Associated SWEEP/LSP Research
Completed: May, 1992
no-till, weed control, corn, band-spray, inter-row cultivation
The goal of this study was to develop an integrated weed management program
for use in reduced-tillage corn production utilizing band herbicide application
in conjunction with inter- row cultivation. Also it was our intent to further
evaluate the efficacy and usefulness of specific preemergent and postemergent
herbicide treatments suitable for use within this systems approach to weed
management, and finally to test this technology under grower conditions
using field scale equipment and large research plots.
The results of this study show that shallow cultivation between crop
rows is very effective in providing control of weeds in these areas. Cultivation
alone did not have a significant effect on crop yield. When cultivation
was used, the low recommended herbicide rate provided equivalent weed control
and yield to the higher recommended rate of herbicide, both when the herbicides
were broadcast overall and when they were applied in a band over the row.
These results show that one inter-row cultivation was satisfactory.
Most preemergent and postemergent herbicide treatments tested performed
very well. Of the thirty treatments evaluated, only two treatments failed
to provide consistent commercially acceptable weed control. Those two treatments
could only be faulted one year out of three years of testing.
The large scale field trial was the ultimate test of the technology.
Results show that crop yield was virtually unaffected by cultivation. Weed
control was maintained at a high level, well above commercially acceptable
standards, and the technology was easily adapted to large scale field operations.
Soil disturbance was minimal, crop residue remained on the soil surface
and the shallow layer of disturbed soil did not erode.
The farmer involved, and project manager, was quick to point out that
the combine at harvest in damp conditions may tend to slide out of the undisturbed
row area, particularly on side hills; in stony conditions the cultivator
may roll stones into the row area; and that root pruning could be a problem
if the operator allowed the cultivator to penetrate too deeply. Also he
noted that herbicide usage was reduced by 60% and weed management costs
were reduced by 40% when this technology was applied to his general farming
Growers can apply this concept immediately if they wish. All they need
is the appropriate equipment. The herbicide treatments are currently registered
(From Technology Transfer Report Summaries - A. Hayes, L. Cruickshank,
This study evaluated the efficacy of using band-spraying and inter-row
cultivation for weed control in no-till corn. Preemergent and postemergent
herbicides were evaluated for their suitability within this integrated weed
The results indicate that shallow inter-row cultivation and the low recommended
rate of herbicide (banded or broadcast overall) produced weed control and
yields equivalent to the higher recommended rate of herbicide. Most preemergent
and postemergent herbicide treatments performed very well.
Under a large scale field trial of inter-row cultivation, yield was virtually
unaffected, a high level of weed control was maintained, soil disturbance
was minimal, crop residue remained on the surface, the shallow layer of
disturbed soil did not erode, and the technology was easily adapted. Applying
this technology to the general farming operation reduced herbicide usage
by 60% and weed management costs by 40%.
Observations made by the researcher included:
The burndown should not be applied too early, let the first flush of
weeds be killed by the burndown.
Care must be taken when banding post-emergent herbicides with the cultivator
as dust can affect their performance.
Good weed control was achieved in the experiments because the plots
were weed free before the herbicide treatments were applied (due to the
Cultivation did a better job of controlling the larger weeds, therefore
it may be better to delay cultivation until the weeds are larger.
The study showed that this system performed well and has the following
reduced rates of herbicides;
reduced weed control costs;
all the erosion control benefits of no-till.
The comments made by the farmer indicate that there are a few drawbacks
to the system; they include:
dependence upon weather for timely cultivation;
the combine may tend to slide out of the undisturbed areas on side
hills if conditions are damp.
The system certainly has its benefits but it is unknown what effects
cultivation has on the soil macropores and on drainage.
SWEEP Report #19 -
Studies on the Control of Problem Weed Species in Conservation Tillage Systems
SWEEP Report #19A
- Weeds of Corn, Soybean and Winter Wheat Fields Under Conventional, Conservation
and No-Till Management Systems in 1988 and 1989
SWEEP Report #32 -
Optimal Herbicide Use in Conservation Tillage Systems
SWEEP Report #66 -
Volume V. Economic Assessment of the Technology Evaluation and Development
Future Research: ( ) indicates reviewers suggestion for
priority, A - high, C - low.
Thursday, May 19, 2011 03:31:31 PM