Dizziness: 7 Common Causes You Should Know

Dizziness is complicated and confusing, creating great worry and anxiety in those that experience it. It is the second most common reason for doctor visits. Many individuals do not know the problem, and seeing three different doctors can result in three different explanations for your signs and symptoms. The seven most common causes of dizziness are listed below to help you understand.

Common Causes of Dizziness

Right here, we will look at some potential reasons for dizziness, ranging from temporary physical results to more severe underlying health issues.

1. Postural Hypotension

The sudden drop in blood pressure that occurs with standing or sitting up is what causes balance problems and temporary dizziness, also known as orthostatic hypotension. There is usually a background of low blood pressure (120 systolic/ 80 diastolic mm Hg on average). Check your blood pressure while resting and compare it to sitting or standing. A considerable difference between your systolic and diastolic pressures (more than 20 mm) might cause your dizziness.

2. Vertigo

Many people interchangeably use “vertigo” and “dizziness.” Although these conditions create similar feelings, they vary slightly. Someone that is dizzy may feel woozy or disoriented. Vertigo, on the other hand, is the unusual sensation of movement. Vertigo can make people feel as if their surroundings are rotating or tilting, so to avoid feeling dizzy, learn about vertigo treatment.

3. Circulatory Problems

Dizziness can be triggered by conditions influencing blood circulation or general heart health. Anemia (low red blood cell count), hormonal changes (like menstruation and menopause), blood clots, atherosclerosis, and dehydration are all common causes.

4. Migraine

A migraine is a headache that triggers pulsing or throbbing on one side of the head. People might experience dizziness before the start of a migraine episode. Other neurologic signs, known as auras, can occur before the pain of a migraine headache. Auras can affect vision, speech, and motor control.

When migraines are continuously accompanied by dizziness, this is known as vestibular migraine or migraine-associated vertigo. Vestibular rehabilitation, medication, and avoiding migraine triggers can be effective in this condition.

5. Cardiovascular Problem

According to a study, heart problem is one of the leading reasons for dizziness symptoms. Check to see if you’ve had a current physical and your blood work is up to date. A heart stress test and ECG might be required to definitively rule out this usual cause. Dizziness can be caused by cardiovascular problems like plaque buildup in the arteries and congestive heart failure. Dizziness or lightheadedness may occur before or after a heart attack or stroke.

6. Anxiety, Stress, and Depression

Depression, stress, and anxiety are commonly misinterpreted as mental issues, even though they have real physical effects on our body processes. A sudden flare-up in this area (e.g., an anxiety attack), extreme exposure to stress (work, family, finances, health), or lasting, unmanaged stress and anxiety and depression can all cause irregular nervous system activity, which can cause dizziness.


Persistent Postural-Perceptual Dizziness (PPPD) is a condition characterized by non-spinning dizziness and unsteadiness caused by environmental or social elements. Some people that have severe dizziness or vertigo might develop PPPD and experience chronic dizziness. It is now identified as one of the most common vestibular problems affecting people aged 30 to 50 and the most common diagnosis for all vestibular patients. Click here for more info about PPPD.

The Takeaway

Experiencing intense or abrupt dizziness can be unpleasant. Common medical conditions that trigger dizziness include stress, anxiety, and low blood sugar. Detecting the root cause of your dizziness can be challenging, even for physicians and specialists. If a person experiences severe or recurring dizziness, they must consult their specialist.