Glaucoma in Dogs: Diagnosis and Treatment

Our pets, like us, are prone to certain illnesses and disorders. When humans are sick, our bodies go through much pain, and when our pets are sick, their bodies go through a lot of exhaustion and weakness.

Glaucoma is an eye disorder that affects both canines and humans. High intraocular pressure is a symptom of this condition. The fluids of the eye have a particular form.

What is glaucoma in dogs?

Glaucoma is when the fluid (aqueous fluid) within the eye builds up and produces pressure. The intraocular pressure (IOP) rises when too much or too little fluid is produced or removed in the eye, causing damage to the optic nerve and retina. It has the potential to cause blindness.

Glaucoma can cause retinal and optic nerve damage. It is a common problem in pets that can be excruciatingly painful. As a result, you must take your pet to the veterinarian or you can visit their website to consult with a specialist.

What are the signs and symptoms?

Glaucoma symptoms include:

  • Enlarged pupils
  • Eye pain
  • Green or yellow discharges
  • Clouded corneas
  • Loss of eye color
  • Increased blood vessel numbers
  • Bloody eyes
  • One eye appears larger than the other

Glaucoma is a condition caused by a malfunctioning drainage system in the eye. If it is not working properly, the pressure inside the eye rises, making it harder to remove due to the excess fluids. Eye damage and inflammation are the most common causes of glaucoma.

They categorized glaucoma into two kinds: primary and secondary. The first type is caused by an inherited propensity that causes fluid build-up in drainage channels where the pores are too small or too big.

How is glaucoma diagnosed?

Due to his credentials to recognize the indications, a veterinarian can only give a definitive diagnosis. Another choice is to consult a veterinary ophthalmologist. They will look at your dog’s blood flow. 

They will also check the intraocular pressure and see what they can do to lower it. They will use gonioscopy and tonometry to reduce tension and ultrasonography to see if the dog has eye tumors or cancer. Many clinics, such as Animal Emergency Clinic, provide emergency veterinary care. If you notice any problems with your pet’s eyes, make an appointment with a specialist.

What is the treatment for it?

Glaucoma in dogs is treated surgically or with medication. You can have the extra fluid surgically removed or try injections, eye drops, or even drugs to treat it. It is simple to discover how to care for your dog’s glaucoma if you have this knowledge. They use laser cyclophotocoagulation as a procedure that destroys some of the dog’s eyes.

It may be able to manage pain with medicine in certain cases, but some pets may require surgery. The veterinarian may be able to treat it with medicine if identified early. However, because this disease spreads swiftly, the pet may need surgery to avert blindness if discovered late.

If you want to manage your dog’s pain with medication, you can do so under the supervision of an opthalmologist in your area. It is always a good idea to read more about their vet ophthalmologist to see if your pet needs surgery or just medicine. 

Final Thoughts

To avoid the condition from getting worse, make sure you evaluate your pet frequently. If you often observe your dog scratching its eyes, have it inspected by a veterinarian to provide proper diagnosis and treatments. It could help your dog prevent becoming blind in the future.