What Causes Kidney Disease in Cats?

The kidneys in your cat perform many roles. They remove waste from the blood into the urine, regulate the number of minerals essential to the body, regulate the balance of blood pressure and water, produce specific hormones, and remove waste products from blood into the urine. The accumulation of waste products in the circulatory system when the kidneys aren’t functioning correctly, and the body attempts to compensate for the loss of other functions. If too much kidney function is diminished, the pet’s symptoms signify sickness.

Kidneys are destroyed by chemical substances (antifreeze) or infection injuries and cease functioning suddenly. It is more common for older cats to stop working gradually over time. The majority of the reason is not known since it was not discovered until the kidneys started to fail.

Causes of Cat’s Kidney Disease

The signs of illness in your cat are caused by the kidneys’ inability to carry out their many functions properly. An overview of the common causes of renal disease is given below. The tests performed by your veterinarian will concentrate on these areas.

Infection of Kidney Tissues

A kidney disease that could have the best chance of recovery is a kidney infection caused by bacteria or, in some rare instances, fungal species, and your doctor is on the lookout for it. In the case of pyelonephritis, the goal is to eradicate the bacteria that cause destructive inflammation.

This will help you heal from acute damage to your kidneys or delay the progression of any chronic kidney illness. A urine culture of a bacterium and susceptibility test will identify the condition and help determine the most appropriate treatment.

Kidney Stones

Kidney stones can form in cats due to a myriad of reasons. Many factors determine the type of kidney or stone that develops. The type of stone can affect efficient treatments.

Small kidney stones in cats can not be symptom-free. In a case of “incidental” discovery, kidney stones could be seen in abdominal x-rays for reasons that are not related.

Your doctor may periodically monitor kidney stones that allow normal urine flow but remain untreated. But, if the stone grows very large or tiny fragments are broken off and get stuck in the ureter, discomfort is likely to worsen.

Kidney Blockage

Kidney stones may break up and then be transferred to the ureter, the long thin tube connecting every kidney to the urinary bladder and the urine. They can be unpleasant in travel, and the danger of kidney damage when they get stuck within the ureter, causing an obstruction, whether complete or partial, is an issue of grave concern.

The new urine cannot exit the kidney quickly, and it backs up and causes the kidneys to expand. The kidneys grow (hydronephrosis) and are injured when subjected to high pressure. It could be fatal when both ureters are blocked simultaneously. Look up “Animal dental clinic near me” for more details on your pet’s oral health.


It’s not the only home ingredient that could harm the kidneys. If cats lick, nibble or chew on the petals of true lilies, pollen, leaves, and the vase’s water, they could cause severe kidney damage.

Cats that are notoriously picky about food and almost all other things will still consume medications available on the market or the floor, so ensure that any medication is kept in cat-proof containers. Consult your veterinarian for a pet physical checkup.


The condition is known as a familial renal disease among the Abyssinian and Persian breeds, but it’s becoming more apparent in expensive breeds. It causes irreparable structural changes. However, they don’t cause illness until later in the course. Numerous laboratories offer polycystic kidney disease DNA tests, which allow responsible breeders to stay clear of breeding cats with the disease. Click this link for more information.