Common Surgical Procedures for Dogs and Their Importance

Any pet owner may experience anxiety and fear when their dog requires surgery. You can feel more at ease and make better decisions for your dog’s health if you understand why certain surgeries are recommended (as well as the steps involved in the procedures themselves).

Pre-Operative Procedures

Elective surgeries are medically essential for your dog’s health and longevity. They are planned because there is no medical emergency involved. Here are some valuable tips for preparing for elective surgery and pre-operative procedures:

  • Bathe your dog: Dogs are typically not allowed to bathe for two weeks after surgery. Grooming your dog ahead of time will make both of you feel better.
  • Fasting: The night before surgery, you will need to fast (not feed) your dog, so it’s an empty stomach.
  • Pre-operative procedures: An intravenous catheter is inserted to administer medications and fluids. Pre-anesthetic medicines will be distributed to help calm and sedate your dog while also controlling pain. Because these medications can cause nausea and vomiting in dogs, medications are frequently given to help prevent this. If your dogs have internal medical conditions, see your veterinary internal medicine specialist immediately.

Common Elective Surgery for Dogs

Elective surgery is a procedure that the pet owner chooses to undergo. There may not be limitations on the time required to perform the procedure delay could affect your dog’s health. Suppose it is not associated with a more severe illness. In that case, Common elective surgery includes sterilizations, mass removals, dental cleaning, as well as extractions of teeth.

Spay or Neuter

Spaying and neutering are procedures done in a dog surgery clinic used to prevent dogs from reproducing. Spays involve an incision just below the belly button into the abdomen to remove the ovaries and uterus. In some cases, the uterus is the only organ removed. An incision is made in front of the scrotum during neutering. The surgeon will remove the testicles.

Dogs are typically restricted to limited activity (leash walking and rest) for 12 to 14 days, after which the incision is usually healed enough for your dog to resume regular activity.

Dental extractions

The loose, broken, fractured, or excessively worn teeth are surgically removed. Following the procedure, dogs are usually rested for a few days and fed softened food. The mouth incisions heal in 10 to 12 days.

Benign skin Growths

These minor procedures either remove a small section of the skin or do not remove any skin tissue. If no skin is removed from the area, it can be treated with topical ointments. Often, no rest is required after anesthesia. A few sutures are used when a small piece of skin tissue is removed. 

Dogs may not require activity restrictions depending on their location. Healing time for either process is typically 10 to 14 days. You can visit this page if you are looking for a cat vaccination schedule.


As you can see, making an elective surgery, such as a spay or neuter, safe for your pet is a complex process. It is possible to spay a cat using an injectable anesthetic and no surgical gowns or gloves on a counter in the back of a clinic. This would undoubtedly reduce the cost of the surgery! However, in some cases, cost should not be the deciding factor. We must prioritize safety and the animal’s pain, with costs coming in a distant third.